Pollution Essays (Examples)

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Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control

Words: 2404 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 29164775

This method makes effective use of ability of metals to float on surfaces of leachates on their own. Due to the high proven efficiency of this method, it is widely used for removal of heavy metals such as iron and humic acid from leachates in many parts of the world.

Removal of Plastic from Municipal Waste

Plastic is a non-biodegradable waste that has low recycling margin. Unfortunately, plastic is widely used in everyday products is heavily present in the municipal waste. The environmental threat posed by the presence of plastic in municipal waste is another major issue. Major plastic types that are commonly found in UK municipal waste include PET, high density polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, low density polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, and other plastics such as melamine. Major source of these types of plastic are fizzy drink bottles, bottles of detergents and washing liquids, plastic plates cups and spoons, bin bags,…… [Read More]

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Coastal Erosion or Air Pollution in Louisiana or Any Other Environmental Issue in Louisiana

Words: 385 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40534471

Louisiana Air Pollution

Air pollution presents a serious environmental concern for Louisiana, the state that is already struggling to contain the damage caused by the rapid erosion and destruction of the coastal wetlands. Louisiana is one of the highly industrialized states in the nation and houses more than 25% of all the chemical plants in the U.S. The emissions from the numerous oil refineries, chemical industries and other production units have clearly contaminated the air quality. At least some of the chemical plants do not adhere to the emission standards. A case in point is the Exxon Mobil refineries in Chalmette.

Exxon Mobil poses grave environmental threat for the St. Bernard Parish and the New Orleans area in Louisiana. The emission test samples conducted between April and August 2003 showed glaring violations (more than 41) of federal and state standards. [Louisiana Bucket Brigade] The company uses hydrofluoric acid (HF), one…… [Read More]

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Noise Pollution Radon High Noise Levels Can Have

Words: 609 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69616150

Noise Pollution/Radon

High noise levels can have a negative impact on individuals and communities. If a nightclub were to be opened within my neighborhood, the following potential risks must be assessed: "interference with communication; noise-induced hearing loss; sleep disturbance effects; cardiovascular and psycho-physiological effects; performance reduction effects; annoyance responses; and effects on social behaviour" (World Health Organization, 1999). Not only are these health issues detrimental to the individual, but also affect the community as a whole.

In order to prevent an overabundance of noise within the neighborhood, certain precautions must be taken. In this case, any and all of the following noise management approaches may be implemented to help reduce or prevent noise pollution in the neighborhood: the precautionary principle which recommends that "noise should be reduced to the lowest level achievable in a particular situation;" the polluter pays principle in which "full costs associated with noise pollution (including monitoring,…… [Read More]

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Sierra Club Forestry and Air Pollution

Words: 816 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1831263

gather some information that will help identify the main characteristics of lobby groups. It is certain, for one thing, that they represent the interests of a certain category of voters, a certain part of the population and that they work to promote certain legislative acts in favor of the respective category they represent. This is done by presenting the appropriate information to the legislative body members and by attempting, by logical arguments, to persuade the necessity of adopting such a law. Unfortunately, the original way of action of lobby groups, as presented previously, was modified so as to include significant financial contributions to the political campaigns of the legislators, which may have also brought that the name of pressure groups.

As such, on one hand, lobbyists work by presenting information that they think will influence positively the voting procedure. On the other hand, "lobbyists work through relationships"

and, in order…… [Read More]

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Economic Analysis of an Environmental Pollution

Words: 954 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40240562

Economic Analysis of an Environmental Pollution Issue in the World Today

Cap & Trade, and Carbon Dioxide

What is cap and trade?

Why is it supposed to work

Speaker's notes: 'Cap and trade' is a technique to reduce emissions by 'capping' the amount of a pollutant that can be released into the atmosphere. These limits are then divided up amongst the polluters by the government. However, the polluters can 'trade' these limits amongst themselves. For example, a very clean company can sell its carbon credits to a dirty company (Chapter 7: 3). Unlike a carbon tax, this discourages producers from simply continuing to use fossil fuels, raising their prices, and passing on the additional expenses to the consumer (Chapter 7:3-4).

Slide 2: The downside to cap & trade

Heavy polluters may not reform their ways and may merely buy additional credits from companies that are already clean

The 'cap' system…… [Read More]

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Air Pollution Although One Would

Words: 994 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75942829

The patient can monitor the patient for the signs of heart disease, and be aware of the fact that women may be more at risk, and have different symptoms than men. The nurse can make the patient aware of the signs of heart-related ailments caused by the environment. Of course, the patient's increased efficacy in such self-care will not change federal environmental regulations, nor improve the quality of the air in the city block where the patient lives. But the nurse can provide knowledge, and if the patient is unable to do so, improve the indoor air quality of the patient's immediate environment by adjusting ventilation systems to decrease the exposure emissions, and advise the patient to eliminate sources of asbestos, dust, and other toxins within the home. "In many cases, source control is also a more cost-efficient approach to protecting indoor air quality than increasing ventilation because increasing ventilation…… [Read More]

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Ethical Problem With Exporting Pollution

Words: 306 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89076763



That particular ethical concern may be harder to define precisely, simply because it may be too restrictive and no different from the types of decisions considered appropriate in the U.S. In that regard, provided it violates no domestic or foreign laws and that it is not undertaken for the purpose of shifting the environmental risk (Rosenstand, 2008), the relocation is no different from situating a similar plant in any local community that does not benefit from the existence of the plant.

References

Rosenstand, N. (2008). The Moral of the Story: An Introduction to Ethics.…… [Read More]

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Noise Pollution

Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55002553

Noise pollution might not be as apparently detrimental to health as air or water pollution, but it can be highly disruptive, according to Ember. Some degree of ambient noise is to be expected, especially in city life. However, there is a difference between manageable or tolerable noise, and noise pollution. Noise pollution is defined as noise that is either excessive or unpleasant, and which causes “temporary disruption in the natural balance,” (Ember para. 2). The causes of noise pollution include electrical appliances, factory equipment, vehicles, and social congestion. The effects of noise pollution include stress, impaired hearing, and disruptions to the local ecosystem. Becoming more aware of the causes and effects of noise pollution should inspire changes to urban planning and design.
Some of the known causes of noise pollution in cities include electrical appliances and vehicles. Therefore, noise pollution does not just take place outside the home, but also…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Pollution in the Oceans

Words: 2524 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49155046

Systems Thinking Applied to Sustainability Challenges

"SYSTEMS THINKING IS CRITICAL IN DEVELOPING SOLUTIONS TO SUSTAINABILITY CHALLENGES"

POLLUTION IN THE OCEANS

"Systems Thinking is Critical in Developing Solutions to Sustainability Challenges"

Pollution in the Oceans

Ocean pollution is an issue for both society and individuals. Such complex issues exhibit some commonality, including being nonlinear, being heterogeneous, interdependent and self organized. It follows, therefore, that the issues require well thought-out and equally complex solutions. Venturing on pursuing causes without structured frameworks is a waste of time.

'Systems thinking' provide a new model for solving complex problems that afflict society; including pollution issues. In the system, biology interacts with social, cultural and manmade environmental elements in permutations and combinations that continue to evolve, discontinuously. The causes of pollution (Anon., n.d.) arise at various levels. They also interact at these varying levels. Organizations and individual entities are important at any given level. There is…… [Read More]

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bahrain's environmental challenges including pollution

Words: 852 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83322357

Bahrain's National Action Charter, the Bahrain Economic Vision 2030, and the National Strategic Master Plan 2030 all promote sustainable economic development. A number of formal governmental and private sector organizations help to inform actual strategies for improving Bahrain's environmental assessments. The key issues the Kingdom of Bahrain faces in the early 21st century include water access, air pollution, urban development, rising sea levels, the pollution of the ocean by the petrochemical industries, and ineffective waste management.

Water

Until 1925, Bahrain relied on freshwater springs. By the 1980s, almost all of those freshwater sources had ceased flowing, and now the Kingdom relies on "non-conventional sources of water," namely desalination (Bahrain Economic Development Board, 2017). Bahrain has four desalination plants. Still, Bahrain has a terrible water consumption ratio and is ranked as the second most wasteful water user in the world, measured in water per square centimeter of land (Bahrain Economic Development…… [Read More]

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Policy Dealing With Overpopulation and Air Pollution

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68609983

Policy Dealing With Overpopulation and Air Pollution

London has similarities to New York in that it too is an overpopulated location with a high density of air pollution -- or rather it had a high density of air pollution, until Britain implemented policies that dealt with that situation. One of the policies that Britain implemented was the Environment Act 1995, which covers England, Scotland, and Wales and requires all local authorities to review and assess air quality in their area. Under that policy, the National Air Quality Strategy for those same counties stipulates conditions for reducing levels of health-threatening pollutants. These include benzene,1,3-butadiene, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen dioxide, particles, sulphur dioxide, ground level ozone, and PAH.

Present day New York City is over populated, contributed by immigrants who search for job opportunities, tourists, and students entering prestigious schools. Cities of the United States show that from 1998 to 2000, there…… [Read More]

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Wind Farms in Canada as Pollution and

Words: 5604 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3908226

Wind Farms in Canada

As pollution and global warming threaten our environment, wind farms represent a particularly sustainable response via the creation of energy from wind.

In Canada, the wind farms are becoming more and more popular and a question is, at this stage, being posed relative to the means in which these farms generate benefits and costs. Specifically, the question is whether the benefits of constructing such a farm outweigh its costs. In order to answer this particular query, the current chapter focuses on the collection and analysis of information. The data collected originates from various sources and contexts and is comprised in the form of the case study. The following subsection of the chapter then deals with the presentation of the methodology used in the collection of information. Emphasis is then placed on the actual information retrieved, through both review of the available literature, as well as the…… [Read More]

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Noise and Stress Noise Pollution

Words: 1395 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62242825

'" (Meer, 1986)

But there are still many misleading and conflicting findings that affect Congress' efforts in noise control. While some feel that noise is not a distraction if you are used to it, there are other studies that vehemently oppose such claims. "Noise affects more than our health and quality of life; it even influences social behavior and cognitive development. In 1997, a Cornell University study found that children exposed to frequent airplane noise don't learn to read as well as other children. Excessive background noise caused the children to tune out human voices and interfered with their language acquisition. The psychologists who conducted the study speculated that as a result of noise pollution, parents and teachers were also less willing to speak or read aloud." (Blanchard, 1998)

Noise research has been suffering from some serious drawbacks which have caused many to question the veracity of claims made by…… [Read More]

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Non-Market Strategy Project Pollution Politics Business

Words: 5182 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96951798

Non-Market Strategy Project-Pollution/Politics/Business

Globalization has changed the planet in numerous ways, constructive and unconstructive; perhaps the most influential of these changes has been the more explicit and perhaps a far more extreme commoditization of a number of natural resources and basic human demands. Traditionally, it's the limited nature of a specific resource or product that means it is a saleable resource, and this conclusion leads to the decision on its sales price as well as the marketing strategies needed to introduce it to a specific target market and varying resulting in the creation of opportunities to make profitable returns for the organizations and countries involved in its manufacture; but that is the case when generally speaking and not, however, the specific problem in Nigeria. The emphasis placed on the energy and power industry from the early stages of the 20th century has resulted in a substantial number of countries, for…… [Read More]

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Air Pollution and Governmental Solutions

Words: 480 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96822986

technological advancements, it seems that society has a long way to go before the masses acknowledge the benefits of adopting environmental attitudes. Governmental agencies are thus tasked with the mission to play more active roles in trying to stop or even reverse processes that have a negative effect on the environment. The problem with raising public awareness is the fact that the majority of people are already familiarized with the effects that pollution has on the environment. It is thus especially difficult to influence the masses to take up more attitudes that are not damaging for the environment.

One of the obvious things that the government would have to do in order to reduce the amount of pollutants affecting the environment is to introduce tougher regulations that make it mandatory for individuals to get actively involved in protecting the natural world. The fact that people are acquainted with laws limiting…… [Read More]

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Dealing With Pollution in Water Runoff

Words: 1801 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80620053

clarion call for the people and leaders of El Paso to better focus (or at least start focusing) on the subject of soil erosion, water runoff and sedimentary issues relating the land and material around the roads and bridges of our town. While some may treat this subject as relatively or completely unimportant, this could not be further from the truth. As shown by what can happen with things like flash floods, landslides and so forth, the proper management of waste and rain water runoff is very important and should be handled in an evidence-based way rather than a cobbling together of a budget line item here and there. While a lot of the calls for more infrastructure funding and better infrastructure management are over the top, this is not one of those messages and not one of those subjects that should be easily dismissed or set aside.

Analysis

The…… [Read More]

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Smog Is a Form of Air Pollution

Words: 553 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63590176

Smog is a form of air pollution. It is made up of a combination of smoke and fog. In the old days smog was mainly caused due to the burning of coal. The mixture of smoke and sulfur dioxide is what resulted in the formation of smog.However, the modern age smog does not originate from coal. Its main source is vehicular and industrials exhaust. The emissions are acted on by sunlight and a secondary pollutant is formed. The formed secondary pollutant then combines with the primary pollutant to form photochemical smog.

Photochemical smog

This type of smog forms when sunlight hits several types of pollutants that are in the air. The resulting combination of chemicals is inimical and is very dangerous. Photochemical smog is formed when there is a chemical reaction between sunlight, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and atmospheric volatile organic compounds (VOCs) .This leads to the formation of airborne particles…… [Read More]

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Preventing Groundwater Pollution When Possible

Words: 779 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22635321

Drainage Ponds

The author of this report has been asked to assess and react to a given scenario. The scenario in question relates to a drainage pool at a manufacturing facility. In this hypothetical scenario, there is a pond that is used as a catch point if there are any spills. Any superficial spills are carried to this pond. As needed, the pond is drained into a nearby stream so as to keep the pond at the proper level. It should be noted that these discharges and the pollution therein is managed and regulated by the state. Unfortunately, there is a very large chemical spill at the plant and there is a threat that the spill will reach the pond and then eventually the groundwater. The author is charged with assessing the damage due to the spillage, offer what remedial measures can be used to address the problem and how…… [Read More]

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Water Pollution

Words: 1170 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9489926

Nitrate, Aluminum, And Lead in Drinking Water

Three mayor harmful chemicals that affect water's natural condition are nitrate, aluminum, and lead. In recent years, public fears over the contamination of drinking water by these and other contaminants have grown. Certainly, the public is right to be concerned about the possible health effects of aluminum, nitrate, and lead. Aluminum has long been linked with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease, bone diseases and anemia. Nitrates are known to have gastric effects, neurological implications, as well as other effects on human health. Lead is well documented to play a role in intellectual retardation, and also impacts abdominal pain, and has other health effects. Aluminum, nitrate, and lead in the human water supply pose significant threats to public health.

Today, domestic water supplies across the world vary enormously in quality. In Great Britain, tap water (which comes from groundwater, reservoirs, and rivers) is…… [Read More]

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Air Pollution Famine

Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84691273

Public Health

In "Nutrition and Disaster Preparedness: Focusing on Vulnerability, Building Capacities," Wright & Vesala-Husemann (2006) point out that the media over-emphasizes acute and sudden disasters, when chronic and "long-term" disasters can be far more devastating to human communities. Disasters that are chronic are less intense and therefore less newsworthy from a media perspective. Wright & Vesala-Husemann (2006) note that humanitarian aid is sometimes distributed poorly to communities in need because of the media bias. With regards to malnutrition, populations throughout Kenya warrant attention. The dramatic images fed to the public might garner sympathy, but bloated bellies and flies swarming infants are not the only symptoms of widespread malnutrition. Focusing overly much on the sensational images detracts from the vast majority of affected individuals.

Coping ability can be calculated via an analysis that takes into account the following three factors: vulnerability, hazards, and coping. Vulnerability refers to susceptibility to problems;…… [Read More]

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Religious Reasons Why Purity and

Words: 1649 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34481879

Therefore, the Pentateuch plays a very important formal role in the Jewish faith.

However, the oral Torah may be as important to the Jewish people. One of the underlying components of Judaism is that the Jews are God's chosen people. As God's chosen people, even the non-religious history of the Jewish people becomes religious. This is because God informs their activities in a way that is not necessarily acknowledged in other religions. For example, a history of Christianity should include the Crusades, because they were driven by religion, but because Christianity is not envisioned as a living religion in the same way as Judaism, the history is not viewed in the same way. In contrast, the history of the Jewish people is not separable from the religious relationship that the Jewish people have with God as his chosen people.

Frankel's viewpoint of the Oral Torah, particularly the Siddur and Mahzor,…… [Read More]

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Energy Economics and Negative Externality Externalities Having

Words: 3181 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55104460

Energy Economics and Negative Externality

Externalities having Negative Costs to Society

Externalities of Energy

Efficient Tax

Market-based Environmental Policy

Pollution Taxes

Externalities are Market Failure or Failure of Markets

It can be considered that the economists believe markets are unambiguously resulting in efficient results. It is with the total surplus maximized when the markets operate without interference from the other institutions. If it were the case, then there would be no efficient role for the non-market institutions in society along with their justification having concerns about the distribution of surplus. It specifically concerns about the equity and fairness because these relate to the allocation of market of scarce resources (Menanteau, Finon and Lamy 2003, Sutherland 1991). However, such issues play specific role in the justification of non-market institutions that are being motivated by efficiency rather than equity concerns. These conditions are known as externalities and they emerge with the decisions…… [Read More]

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Control of Indoor and Noise

Words: 1713 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22609257



References

Blondeau, P., Tiffonnet, a.L., Damian, a., Amiri, O., and Molina, J.L. (2003). Assessment of contaminant diffusivities in building materials from porosimetry tests. Indoor Air, 13(3), 310-318.

Daisey, J.M., Angell, W.J., and Apte, M.G. (2003). Indoor air quality, ventilation and health symptoms in schools: an analysis of existing information. Indoor Air, 13(1), 53-64.

Fink a. (1998). Conducting research literature reviews: From paper to the Internet . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Overmeire, M.V., Verbrandt, F.J.R. & Jonckheere, R.E. (1999) Noise Pollution: Causes, effects and control. In Environmental Management in Practice: Compartments, Stressors, and Sectors. Volume: 2, eds. Nath, B. Hens, L. Compton, P. & Devuyst, D. London: Routledge.

Palfrey, J. (1994) Community child health: An action plan for today. Westport, CT: Praeger

Pope, C.A., Thun, M.J., Namboodiri, M.M., Dockery, D.W., Evans, J.S., Speizer, F.E., and Heath, C.W. (1995). Particulate air pollution as a predictor of mortality in a prospective study of…… [Read More]

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Artificial Lighting -- Impacts on

Words: 3253 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61636063

The authors explain that "Large-scale habitat loss and fragmentation…" that results from urban sprawl is a major cause of the lack of biodiversity within the insect species (Acharya, 1999, 27). Even the building of a new road, or street lights, in places where previously there were no roads or lights, what the authors call "undisturbed areas," has an impact on insect biodiversity, Acharya explains. Meanwhile, moths, which are known to be drawn to light, have trigger mechanisms that detect the echolocation signals of bats; and on the other hand bats feed "…heavily" on moths, Acharya continues; in fact many bat species use moths as their "main food item" (Acharya, 27).

The point of that information (and of this study) in this peer-reviewed piece is that if "…eared moths" exhibit behaviors that allow them to avoid bat attacks, they would not be caught as often by bats and hence this would…… [Read More]

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Promoting Fuel Efficient Cars Establishing Green Spaces

Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4937518

promoting fuel efficient cars, establishing green spaces or forestry, random emission testing, and encouraging alternative transportation, walking, and bicycle use. The total cost is $15.5 M.

Fuel efficient cars

Fuel efficient cars not only reduces pollution but I chose it due to the fact that it is also a good option given today's rising gas prices.

Fuel efficient cars come in 2 categories -- electric and water. What this means is that these cars substitute gas -- which pollutes the atmosphere -- with either electricity or water or hydroxyl.

Hybrid cars are healthier for the environment since they combine gas and water (or electricity) producing lower emissions. They also reduce dependence on fossil fuel which is the main source of fuel today.(Future-Method.com)

The trade-offs of fuel efficient cars are first and foremost price. That, however, can be overcome by compelling distributors to lower the price by making it a more…… [Read More]

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Electronic and Hybrid Engines Be Used Instead

Words: 2494 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74696952

Electronic and Hybrid Engines Be Used Instead of the Petrol Engines

Hybrid engines and electric and other forms of fuel are being tried the world over on account of multiple problems. It is not only for vehicles but also for the industries that use fossil fuels and chemicals for manufacture. The primary problem is the pollution of the air, water and the entire planet on account of fossil fuel use. Not all fossil fuel forms are harmful. For example CNG, compressed natural gas is less harmful. The use of fossil fuel has deadly repercussions on human, animal and plant health. In other words all life on the planet can be at jeopardy. The shocking truth is revealed as follows: John Vidal of the Guardian reported that millions die in Asia on account of vehicle pollution. According to the report he quoted, issued by a consortium of universities working in conjunction…… [Read More]

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Polluting Water and Poisoning Fish

Words: 861 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79641449

Water Pollution

Water is the most precious environmental asset and natural resource on earth. Approximately seventy percent of the earth's surface is covered by water and it affects every facet of life and ecology. However, despite this obvious and crucial fact, many rivers, lakes and oceans are becoming increasingly more polluted, creating a serious ecological and environmental problem. Not only is pollution the cause of the death of many organisms essential to ecological balance, but human drinking water has also been affected. This is particularly relevant with regard to the spread of disease. " Estimates suggest that nearly 1.5 billion people lack safe drinking water and that at least 5 million deaths per year can be attributed to waterborne diseases." (Krantz D. And Kifferstein, B. )

The waterways and oceans of the world have been seen as an easy dumping ground for refuse and waste. This includes pollution from raw…… [Read More]

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Environmental Genetic Factors That Influence Health in

Words: 1027 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37679198

Environmental Genetic Factors That Influence Health in Le Roy, New York, 2011, a mysterious medical

The relationship between an environmental agent and a health problem discussed within this document is the effect of air pollution on asthma. This effect is certainly a noxious one, as certain air pollutions have been known to cause asthma in those who did not previously have this condition, exacerbate it in those that did, and induce asthma attacks. In researching this relationship it is necessary to provide a brief overview of both asthma and air pollution. It is also prudent to discuss some of the more salient health disparities that emerge within a population that is related to aspects of genetics or environment.

Asthma is the constriction of the respiratory system with mucus. It is a serious cause of childhood morbidity (Islam et al., 2007, p. 957). Symptoms of asthma include difficulty breathing and coughing,…… [Read More]

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Earth Science - Aviation &

Words: 569 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12695561

Furthermore, whereas the European Parliament originally intended for the aviation sector to comply with the new restrictions on emissions by 2011, the recent EU Environmental Council in Brussels proposed postponing that another year to 2012.

More importantly, there are financial mechanisms capable of limiting the ability of regulated industries to purchase exemptions that function very much the same way traffic fines do. Instead of limiting the opportunity to do so within the aviation industry, the recent Council proposal set a very relaxed standard that will enable the aviation industry to simply pay for the right to continue to pollute at rates that are not significantly reduced as intended. At the same time, the European Council has proposed a reduction of 8% from the 1990 emission levels by the year 2012. In view of the loopholes that currently would allow the industry to simply pay its way out of full compliance,…… [Read More]

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Reducing the Carbon Footprint of Cities

Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41457498

Environmental Pollution Scenario: Review and Summary

Although cities contribute to both waste and global warming because of population density and the demands of urban life, they also offer the potential to conserve energy in terms of transportation costs, in comparison to suburban and rural areas. The compact nature of cities makes alternative transportation such as buses, subways, walking, jogging, and bicycle use a feasible alternative to using cars. Regarding the effectiveness of public transportation, in terms of mitigating the effects of global warming it is estimated that "public transit reduces carbon monoxide emissions by nearly 745,000 tons annually. This equals nearly 75% of the carbon monoxide emissions by all chemical manufacturers in the United States" (How public transportation helps the environment, 2014). Public transportation also reduces smog-generating pollutants by 100,000 tons per year (How public transportation helps the environment, 2014).

Finally, using public transportation reduces U.S. dependency on oil in…… [Read More]

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Trinity River an Environmental Study

Words: 1364 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81348502

"From the junction of the East and West Forks the Trinity River continues southeast, forming all or part of the county lines between Kaufman and Ellis, Ellis and Henderson, Henderson and Navarro, Freestone and Anderson, Anderson and Leon, Leon and Houston, and Houston and Madison counties. It then cuts across northern Walker County to form a portion of the county line between Walker and Trinity counties and continues as the county line between Trinity and San Jacinto and Polk counties. At the northern line of Liberty County the Trinity turns almost directly south, cutting across Liberty and Chambers counties, to drain into Trinity Bay just west of Anahuac (at 29°45' N, 94°42' W)."

So it is easy to see how complicated any undertaking at revitalization of the river would be. The pollution that plagues the Trinity are not so unlike other rivers across the country that have been successfully revitalized;…… [Read More]

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Carbon Tax in Australia

Words: 1277 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26623378

Carbon emissions during recent decades have generated much controversy and some communities have taken harsh measures in order to combat effects associated with the process. The Australian Federal Government introduced a carbon tax of $23AUD per ton of emitted carbon dioxide on a series of fossil fuels in order to effectively deal with pollution. Finances gained from the process have been used to reduce income tax and provide Australian citizens with several benefits. While the legislation has been welcomed by many local and international bodies, some have frowned upon it and have called for its repeal on account of how it produced much damage both on a small level by increasing cost of living and on a larger level by preventing businesses from being able to experience progress.

Tony Abbott's article "THE COALITION'S PLAN TO ABOLISH THE CARBON TAX" is among the most recognized criticisms regarding the carbon tax in…… [Read More]

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Sustainable Systems Many Businesses in This Day

Words: 1397 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29106871

Sustainable Systems

Many businesses in this day and age seek to demonstrate stewardship and resolve to do business within a guideline of corporate social responsibility. In this quest many have chosen to focus on greening their business often including both procurement and manufacture, seeking to reduce the effect of their business on the environment. The different systems approaches that an organization can utilize to demonstrate more effective environmental sustainability are almost as varied as the companies themselves. The utilization of pollution prevention programs depends almost entirely on what it is a company does and what wastes they challenge to control. Additionally companies seek to demonstrate their compliance utilizing various accounting tools that are often made public and become incorporated in their systems designs. These designs will incorporate procurement, logistics, on demand manufacture, i.e. lean manufacture and many other possible systems designs to both demonstrate cost savings and produce a more…… [Read More]

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Sacramento San Joaquin Delta Issue

Words: 953 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39008966

San Joaquin Delta Pollution

Throughout the annals of American history the development of California from a parched desert to thriving center of agriculture and commerce remains one of the nation's most incredible achievements. In order to supply continual supplies of fresh water for farming, drinking and municipal uses massive bodies of running water were diverted, channeled and harnessed so that California may one day be hospitable for millions of American citizens. Perhaps no other place showcases the tremendous feats of engineering and ingenuity which gave rise to California than the Sacramento/San Joaquin River Delta, the largest estuary in the country and one of the world's only inverted river deltas. Through a gradual process of constructing earthen levees the early residents of the state diverted the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers to form a network of small irrigation channels which watered individual ranches and tracts of farmland. These lifelines connected settlers…… [Read More]

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Endangered Coral Reef Ecosystem

Words: 707 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14817926

endangered coral reef ecosystem. Coral reefs, when they are healthy, are one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet. They contain so much life and interaction many scientists call them the "rainforests of the seas." Yet these reefs are endangered around the world, and their ecosystems are changing because of pollution, mismanagement of the natural resources, and the influence of man on the fragile environments of the coral reefs.

Coral reefs are found in most tropical zones around Earth. They can only survive in certain conditions, for example, they must have an annual water temperature of at least 74 degrees Fahrenheit, and they typically do best in shallow water, where sunlight can reach and photosynthesize the plants (Ekman 4-6). The sun is the major source of energy for these ecosystems, it provides energy for plankton, plants, and algae to survive, and these are all necessary foods for the many…… [Read More]

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Features of the Ocean Floor Continental Margins

Words: 1092 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52991531

Features of the Ocean Floor

Continental Margins

As one travels away from the continents, water depths increase in a systematic manner.

Closest to the continents are continental shelves with water depth typically less than 1000 m. Continental shelves were formed as rivers carried tons of particles of sand and soil from the land out to sea. This sand and soil then settled as layers of sediments, or layers of particles of rock and animal remains.

Commonly at the distal edge of the continental shelves, there is a marked continental slope where water depths increase quickly. The continental slope separates the continental shelf from the ocean floor.

The continental rises, located at the base of the continental slopes, mark the beginning of the deep ocean basins.

Submarine canyons commonly occur along continental margins and transport sediment from the margins down into the deep ocean basins.

B. Mid Ocean Ridges

Long mountain…… [Read More]

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Environmental Impact of the Gulf

Words: 1595 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14052889

These are the organisms that are accountable for the development of red tides. These algal blooms later destroy additional aquatic species by interfering with their respiratory organs. Among the numerous species of microscopic algae that comprises the foundation of the aquatic food chain, about eighty-five species are said to be deadly (Carlisle, n.d).

Recommendations

Legislation should be passed to govern the maritime activities such as oil drilling and crude oil shipping in order to set specific safety guidelines and risk mitigation approaches. Hefty fines should be imposed on the parties that contravene these legislations. Cleanup activities should also be put in place to eliminate both the short-term and long-term effects of the previous oil spill. The aim is to rehabilitate and rejuvenate the level of aquatic and human health.

Conclusion

Oil spill are dangerous to aquatic and human life forms. They should therefore be avoided and controlled at all cost…… [Read More]

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Air Quality Italy Globalization Is

Words: 2554 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99651475

During pollution peaks, this department informs residents and announces any traffic restriction measures decided on by the town hall. Air quality has distinctly improved over the past two years and these restrictions are becoming less frequent" (Energy Agency of Municipality, 2001). These are all local methods of measuring pollution.

Another means through which one can measure the level of CO2 in the air and which was used in Italy is with portable monitors which "measure ultrafine particles" in the air. An experiment done using these mechanisms found out that the level of pollutant particles in the room of a home nearby a thoroughfare is indeed worrisome. More precisely, "Tommaso Abbate, 16, found that the pollution levels at night in his living room were "really high" - 200 micrograms per cubic meter at one point" (Rosenthal, 2007) a result which on the long run can seriously affect the health of the…… [Read More]

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Prosperity in the Developing Nations

Words: 6827 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 41299090

Because transportation infrastructure and services are important components of the urban system, they need to be sustainable and contribute to economic growth rather than harm the people that rely on them for their livelihoods. According to Asri and Hidayat (2005), "The expansion of social and economic activities has resulted in rising pollution and environmental degradation following the economic crisis in Jakarta Metropolitan area where environmental regulations were largely disregarded" (p. 1792). Taken together, these issues represent a growing public health threat that requires informed solutions, and these issues are discussed further below at they relate to the aims and objectives of the study.

Aims and Objectives

This research has an aim and several objectives. The aim of this research is to find out how the pollution levels occurred in several main roads in Jakarta and explore some strategies to reduce carbon pollution levels by using some schemes and scenarios. These…… [Read More]

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Marpol Annex VI Requirements on

Words: 7615 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85648999

At the time, the industry sought to examine both oil pollution in general and ocean dumping as well as land-based sources of ocean pollution. According to Wang, "More significant was the rapid technological development in the design of large-sized oil tankers which required constant rule changes. By 1973 it was evident that the 1954 convention provisions were inadequate or outdated, and by then the likelihood of the 1954 convention coming into force was rather doubtful" (334).

The new protocol ultimately entered into force in January 1978. The 1973 version of MARPOL was comprised of 20 articles concerning general obligations under the convention (e.g., prohibition of violation of requirements, rules for ship inspection, enforcement, reporting on incidents involving harmful substances, and most importantly, five technical annexes or regulations on 1) oil pollution; 2) control of noxious liquid substances in bulk; 3) harmful substances carried by sea in package forms or in…… [Read More]

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Environmental Problems Today Are Extremely

Words: 5020 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70923188

In India, the government is attempting to bring the focus of attention on the presence of fine dust particles as well as the presence of fly ash in the air, and this attempt is being carried out by a series of mitigation measures. The need of the day is to take certain practical steps that would succeed in tackling the problem to some extent, and it is towards this goal that the Government of India has been trying to offer institutional aid along with human capital wherever necessary, in lieu of the severe financial constraints that the region faces.

However, the fact remains that the various policy options being considered have been evolved over a long period of time, and when the need is urgent, this does not give any immediate relief to the suffering people of the region. Therefore the general opinion of the people as well as of…… [Read More]

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Toxic Waste Feasibility of Market

Words: 3454 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26566486

Another unfortunate reality is that simply banning the discharge of effluents into the Olifants River will only stymie efforts to improve the economic situation of the region. New mining, agricultural, and electrical interests are being encouraged to invest in the region because they will facilitate economic growth and propel communities out of poverty. An outright ban on the discharge of effluents into the Olifants River will have the net result of undermining economic growth and crippling the communities that already rely on this economic base for their livelihood.

Many communities and governments, however, are experimented with market-based solutions to situations in which the interests of many firms, individuals, and organizations must be balanced with the larger desire to protect valuable environmental resources so that all can utilize them. The Australian government, in particular, has pioneered efforts to introduce market economic into pollution control and regulation. Their experiences with this method…… [Read More]

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Environmental Policies and Problems in

Words: 2855 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65016873

" (2007) Recommendations of this report include those as follows:

China should learn from the successes and failure of the U.S. And other developed countries in reducing the influence of energy use on air quality;

Continued dialogue and information exchange among U.S. And Chinese scientists and policy-makers should be promoted through professional organization, government support programs, and the National Academies in both countries to promote joint development of energy and pollution control strategies." (Committee on Energy Futures and Air Pollution in Urban China and the United State, Policy and Global Affairs, 2007)

Other findings of this report include the fact that "an important lesson learned is that air pollution damage imposes major economic costs, through premature mortality, increased sickness and lost productivity, as well as in decreased crops yields and economic impacts." (Committee on Energy Futures and Air Pollution in Urban China and the United State, Policy and Global Affairs,…… [Read More]

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Poisoning Our Planet if it

Words: 8834 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68794962

From the point-of-view of the variation and flexibility of the species such cultivated woody crops rank as no more than cornfields. While the tree farms are conveniently be stretched on the private lands, national forests those are considered priceless reservoirs of most of the biological diversity of the nation cannot expand so easily. The commercial logging is considered as the greatest danger for survival of the national forest system. The timber sales are growingly concealed beneath the post fire recovery and fire prevention missions, forest health initiatives and restoration programs. (Endangered Forests: Endangered Freedoms)

Wetlands disappearing

Declining wetlands and reservoir construction are having spectacular influences on a global scale. (the Importance of Wetlands and the Impacts of Reservoir Development) the data of USF & WS reveals that the United States added 2.3 million acres in ponds and inland mudflats during the period of mid 1950s and mid1970s. The country added…… [Read More]

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Environmental Policies Give an Example

Words: 7072 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3648279

The 1980s (the period when Ronald Reagan was the U.S. President) witnessed a series of government measures targeting environmental regulations. This resulted in public outrage against the anti-environmental policies of the government leading to a renewed interest in nature clubs and groups and the formation of radical groups who led strong movements to protect the environment. (vii) the post- Reagan resurgence (1990s onwards) - President Bush and President Clinton did not take the radical stance of their predecessor. However, President George W. Bush has taken many measures which have weakened the environmental movement instead of strengthening it. This includes opposing curbs on greenhouse emissions via the Kyoto Protocol, supporting oil drilling in the ANWR or Arctic National Wildlife Range, weakening clean air standards and lifting the ban on logging in forests.

3) How does economics determine the public's opinion regarding environmental issues? Discuss the values of the dominant social paradigm…… [Read More]

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Eutrophication of Chesapeake Bay

Words: 2160 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33291981

Eutrophication of Chesapeake Bay: What is the solution?

Causes and Solutions to the Water Pollution Problems of Chesapeake Bay's Waterways

Chesapeake Bay, the largest inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, has been plagued with pollution for hundreds of years. Originally described by Captain John Smith in the early 1600's as having clear water with underwater grasses, oyster reefs, and abundant fish, the Bay today is on the Environmental Protection Agency's "Dirty waters" list (Chesapeake Bay Foundation, "Water Pollution in The Chesapeake Bay"). Polluted with nitrogen and phosphorous, among other pollutants, the Bay's inhabitants, both in the animal kingdom and the plants, are in severe danger of destruction, unless humans interfere with aggressive action. This paper will discuss the reasons for the eutrophication of Chesapeake Bay, the consequences of that eutrophication, and possible solutions to the problem.

Located off the coast of Eastern Maryland and Eastern Virginia, Chesapeake Bay's length is 200…… [Read More]

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Animal Dreams by Barbara Kingsolver Theme the Importance of Ecology

Words: 2408 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60001740

Animal Dreams: Real Life Reflections of the Effects of Pollution on the World's Fertility

Continued inadequate attention to the world's rivers, lakes and streams will ultimately result to mankind's demise. To ensure the productivity and viability the earth in the future, mankind must start working together to protect the physical environment and ecological processes or face destruction. Government legislation and community action related to this issue up until this point in time have largely been inadequate. More proactive measures are necessary both from governmental officials and community members to significantly change the course of history in a positive manner.

From an ecological viewpoint, of key concern are humankind's natural bodies of water, which historically have nourished and supported human life. In recent years however continual pollution and exposure to environment toxins have diminished the supply and quality of water and life available in the worlds' natural bodies of water. There…… [Read More]

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International Environmental Laws on Oil Gas Production Effects

Words: 2138 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30626844

International Environmental Laws on Oil/Gas Production

Effects of Oil and Gas Production to the Environment in Norway

Over the years, oil and gas production companies have been a serious global concern. This is due to impacts on the environment associated with its production. International principles setup aims at governing the extraction and usage of such sources of energy. Norway is located in Europe, located near North Sea. Its high level of energy production has highly boosted the Gross National product (GNP) of Europe. Oil, gas and hydroelectric power having contributed significantly to the rapid development of industries in Europe and contribute around 50% to the economy. Discovery of oil and gas was in early 1960's, and currently, Norway is the seventh largest producer of oil and gas internationally. There have been contravenes between energy producing industries and the environmental activists. Several principles set to govern energy production have been set,…… [Read More]

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Free Trade and Whether it

Words: 4473 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13804499

Since this approach is not an option, Sampayo and officials with the Matamoros Water & Sewage Board have sought assistance from BECC. Before any project can receive certification, however, the water utility must prove it is self-sufficient and capable of repaying a NADBank loan, generally through user fees. This will prove difficult, since only half the city's water subscribers pay their bills on time, 20% pay late and 30% pay nothing at all. "

For several years, U.S. companies that have moved their operations overseas have avoided the environmental regulations that have been so costly for them here in the states.

The companies escape paying pollution abatement fees as well as penalties if they pollute beyond the federal government standards.

The companies that choose to move do so to lower costs and are not volunteering to take care of environmental issues once they are in the new country. The companies…… [Read More]

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Threat China Poses to the

Words: 2362 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68932349

Of course, the 2007 pet food scandal is also a result of this same lack of regulation and inspection in China. Pet food manufactured here in the United States and in Canada contained melamine, an ingredient used in the manufacture of plastic dinnerware, but also a key ingredient in many fertilizers. It sickened thousands of dogs and cats, and hundreds died as a result of eating the tainted pet food. This incident helped bring the dangers of Chinese imported food and other products into focus, and made it much more real for many Americans. As a result, many people are becoming more vigilant about Chinese products, and some Congressmen have called for bans on all Chinese foods that are not inspected, but that has not occurred.

Clearly, this poses a danger to American consumers, and it is one reason that Chinese imports are the biggest threat to America.

However, Chinese…… [Read More]

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Poland Case Implication for Ukraine and Belarus

Words: 2457 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38830430

NGOs

What role played Polish environmental NGOs in the air pollution policy during the transition to the EU? Was their role active? How was the interaction with government structures?

Polish environmental NGO's played a significant role in helping to form the air pollution policy during Poland's transition of the European Union. As stated in the literature review NGO's were responsible for bringing the dangers of air pollution to the forefront. As a result of their efforts new air pollution policies were developed.

As it relates more specifically to the role of NGO's and Poland's ascension to the European Union in the context of environmental policies, NGO's have been instrumental in implementing and enforcing the standards established by the European Union.

Non-Governmental Organizations acted as conduits through which Poland was assisted in meeting the environmental protection requirements of the European Union.

Some of the most influential NGO's included the Polish Ecological…… [Read More]

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Flags of Convenience

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60047441

Flags of Convenience as they pertain to maritime oil pollution. The writer explores UN and MARPOL mandates and discusses the Flags of Convenience. The writer then ties them into maritime oil pollution and presents recommendations for how this might be solved. There were 15 sources used to complete this paper.

As the world populations continues to grow and live longer than ever before it has become apparent that natural resources must be guarded with the utmost care and protection. It is those natural resources allow mankind to survive therefore their preservation is paramount to the success of the future. One of the biggest threats to the eco-system today is the threat of oil pollution. Through spills, dumping and other accidents the oil pollution in the world has threatened significant areas of the eco-system that are depended on. In recent decades there have been measurements taken to prevent oil pollution from…… [Read More]

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Ethical Implications of a Business Polluting a

Words: 1856 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30650218

ethical implications of a business polluting a third world country are fairly straightforward -- at first. Businesses are able to do such things in third world countries because of a number of factors that are intrinsically related to the innate poverty that exists in these nations. As such, it appears as though businesses are forsaking the health concerns of local inhabitants in order to maximize their profits and increase their commerce and productivity.

Doing so, of course, from a perspective that completely disregards basic humanitarian concern for citizens who have to live in polluted areas -- who breathe contaminated air, drink and bathe with contaminated water, and eat food raised from contaminated land and water sources -- is ethically irresponsible. This line of thinking presents a skewed cost-benefit analysis in which the ultimate costs of such an action are not the monetary ones a business must pay to dump or…… [Read More]

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Indoor Air Quality

Words: 2350 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27841660

Indoor Air Quality

This report discusses viable options for reducing indoor pollutants in order to improve indoor air quality. This work focuses on three major concerns in regard to indoor air quality: poor ventilation, indoor smoking, and other indoor pollutants. The media bombards us daily with information regarding external pollution such as the emissions from automobiles, water contaminants, basic garbage and of course the smoke stacks of industry. But most people may not be aware of the high number and the effect of indoor pollutants. "Indoor air pollution consists of toxic gases or particles that can harm your health." (Air Resources Board) From this lack of knowledge stems the problem of also not understanding how important it is to reduce indoor pollutants as best we can in our homes, schools, restaurants, bars and other public places. Consider the fact that humans spend a great deal of time indoors and because…… [Read More]

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Markets & Economy a Budget

Words: 1172 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19369386

Rational firms will choose the lowest-cost option between the two. The market is expected to be efficient, so that while some firms will find it cheaper to pollute, other firms will find it cheaper to install pollution abatement mechanisms.

Ultimately, the system will seek to deliver the lowest per-unit cost of abatement. This will be achieved because the firms that are going to abate their pollution are the ones for whom the cost of abatement is lower than the cost of polluting. With these firms focused on their abatement efforts, they will deliver a greater degree of pollution abatement at a lower per-unit cost with the marketable permits than any other system.

To see the value in this system, the alternative must be considered. If firms are mandated to reduce pollution, they will do so to bring themselves under the maximum allowable pollution levels. However, firms will have no economic…… [Read More]

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United States Military and Environmental Law

Words: 6165 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54567760

U.S. MILITARY AND ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

Military & Environmental Law

Environmental Analysis and Impact of the United States Military

Military activity affects the environment in direct and indirect ways. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of military training and readiness activities and the impact of armed conflict and war on the environment. Most environmental impact that results from armed conflict and war occurs in foreign and not domestic environments. However, military training and readiness activities have the potential to impact both domestic and international environments. Different standards apply to the regulation of military activity based on the geographic, national, and political arenas in which military activity occurs. Another dimension that affects the environmental impact standards to which the military is held accountable is based on the perceptions and attitudes of lawmakers, citizens, and warriors toward peacetime and readiness operations vs. armed conflict and war. This paper will…… [Read More]

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Markets an Increased Budget Deficit

Words: 865 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74239332



4. One of the main issues with GDP is that it reflects economic activity rather than economic progress. Thus, Japan's efforts at rebuilding after the tsunami will appear as a boom in construction, when in fact the country has recorded a significant economic setback and the temporary boost in construction activity is simply going to get the country back to its previous level. The first thing that should be added to a new measure of GDP (or economic health) is an adjustment for negative economic activity. This can be a natural disaster, terrorist attack or other activity that detracts from a nation's economic growth but is not currently included in the GDP calculation.

The second issue is that the GDP per capita does not accurately reflect the wealth of a nation. Liechtensteiners do not live materially better than their Austrian and Swiss neighbors, but their per capita GDP says they…… [Read More]

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Environmental Problems The Caspian Region

Words: 1854 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38177759

The central issue remains the status of the sea; which has prevented any real efforts towards negotiations that could solve the environmental problems. (Experts debate ailing Caspian Sea) Therefore the pollution and other environmental problems in the Caspian Sea and in the region will continue until there is a form of political agreement that can lead to cooperative environmental efforts.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, the problem of pollution and the reduction of arable land, among others, are set to increase in the future - especially if one takes into account the threat of global warming. The only solution to this problem is an integrated and internationally monitored plan of action or remedial plan, as was implemented in the case of the Great Lakes in North America.

The International community should first and foremost lead the different countries in terms of a unified and practical agreement about cleaning up the pollution…… [Read More]

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Coal Fired Electicity Producing Plants in China Are Dangerous

Words: 720 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11777827

poor air quality in major cities in China has increasingly been viewed as a serious health threat -- and an economic problem as well -- over the past few years. The major culprit for this persistent pollution has been identified as coal-fired power plants, but auto emissions and factories are also contributors to this environmental problem. It has gotten so bad in Beijing, China, that on Tuesday December 8, Chinese leaders triggered a "red alert" closing schools, suspending factories, and keeping one-half of the vehicles off the streets (Mader, 2015). What are the health-related issues brought on by this hazardous smog in China? This question will be addressed in this paper.

China's Air Pollution Kills up to 500,000 People Each Year

According to Chen Zhu, the former Chinese Health Minister -- who is a professor of medicine and a leading molecular biologist in China -- the terrible smog that envelops…… [Read More]

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Disclosure and Financial Reporting

Words: 2209 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96004329

Failure-to-Disclose

Disclosure & Financial Accounting

Environmental and Financial Factors in the Petroleum Industry

The petroleum industry has a unique responsibility in the initiative to practice environmental safeguarding while producing the petroleum products in such great demand. The financial manager must be decide what weight to apply to costs in terms of new processes and methods that are efficient as well as environmentally friendly and complaint.

Weighing Costs in Failure-to-Disclose

Environmental and Financial Factors in the Petroleum Industry

Environmental Hazards

Profitability Factors

Future Outlook

Findings Related to Cost Factor of Compliance

BP, Conoco, and Phillips

Primary Considerations

Summary & Conclusion

References

Weighing Costs in Failure-to-Disclose

Environmental and Financial Factors in the Petroleum Industry

Objective

The objective of this work is the research the Petroleum Fuel industry and to render an accounting of what results from either complying with or non-compliance to environmental regulations as set down by governing and ruling bodies.…… [Read More]

 

 

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