(Bouman; Castaneda; Bhuiyan, 2002)
Likewise another research by Berg, Tran et al. (2001) has shown that there is arsenic contamination of the Red River alluvial tract in the city of Hanoi and this happens owing to the nature of the subsoil that contains iron. There was observed about average concentration of 430 ?g/L. Analysis of raw groundwater pumped from the lower aquifer for the 'Hanoi water supply yielded arsenic levels of 240-320 ?g/L in three of eight treatment plants and 37-82 ?g/L in another five plants.' (Berg; Tran, et al., 2001)
As a solution to this some government-based researches have given the opinion that though the states and USGS have contributed state funds toward the effort, more funds will have to be added both for the maintain ace of the ground water, regulating it and conducting further research. Mapping the entire ground water resources is not a small project and…… [Read More]
The Politics of Christian Environmentalism
Without a doubt, one of the greatest challenges before us as a civilization in the 21st century is the protection and repair of our environment. This is an ambition that cuts across ideologies, scriptures and traditions of faith, dictating a collective responsibility to an admittedly enormous task. For Christians in particular, the onus of responsibility to protect God's Earth should be seen as second to nothing in terms of its importance and its consistency with the Christian value system. Ironically, in the United States, sharp political lines of allegiance undermine what should be an inextricable link between the Christian faith and the environmental movement.
Indeed, Christian values have long instructed us to reach out to the hungry, poor and oppressed and to bring them ease, to improve their conditions and to help them feel the love of God. But the connection between the…… [Read More]
As a consequence, Turkey is uniquely positioned to sell to all of these different customers, as its position on the map indicates.
The market research process can be different in the international context. The first issue is that the purpose of the market entry has to be defined. Once this has been established -- suppose the objective is to set up textile manufacturing in Turkey -- then the research can focus on how. There are significant differences that might arise with respect to the access to information in foreign markets, however. While Turkey is relatively transparent, some other markets are not. Turkish firms are exporting to Iraq, for example, but there are no real market statistics for that market. Such firms may be run by Kurds and trading mainly with Iraqi Kurdistan, for example, using connections to bridge the knowledge gap. In addition, where at home one can…… [Read More]
This is because resources available within the environment will provide all what is required for the state (Department of Environment, Food & Rural affairs, 2013).
Many countries are same when it comes to the endowments of natural, human and physical capital. However, there is a difference when it comes to the economic development level that can be achieved in a particular country. There are three types of capital that can determine the economic growth process but in a partial manner however, there is a missing link between the three types of capital which is the social capital. Social capital is based on social norms and bonds which have an important role to play when it comes to sustainable development. Social capital emphasizes on the participation on a civic level as well as a horizontal association among people such as social networks. This is also through associated norms that…… [Read More]
However even if they are readily available with time the reserves will be depleted and this will pose as a challenge not only to the forest ecosystem but also the energy demands. On the other hand the use of renewable source of energy is beneficial since they are environmental friendly. The renewable energy sources also have some risks such as the use of hydro projects can affect forest ecosystems if their impacts are not mitigated.
3) Species extinction
In the forest ecosystems plants and animals are increasingly extinct in the present times. This can be attributed to both natural and man-made reasons. The major cause of this extinction is the destruction of the forest ecosystem for instance through clearing of forest land for cultivation, urbanization or harvest wood. This will lead to shrinking of habitats for both animals and plants in the ecosystem (Hogan, 2010), The existence of biodiversity is…… [Read More]
Business Ethics - Masters Business Administration Essay - Drawing relevant literature, critically evaluate a position debates firms responsibility maximising shareholder returns. Discuss implications chosen position a manager concerned impact company environment.
Throughout the past recent decades, the means in which the economic agents conduct their business operations have suffered some notable changes, in the meaning that less apparent emphasis comes to be placed on profits, and more on generating socio-economic benefits. The companies as such seek to create pleasant and stimulating working environments for their staff members, to create high quality and innovative products and services for their customers and to support the development of the communities in which they operate.
In other words, while the ultimate purpose of the firms remains that of registering profits, they seek to attain this objective by maintaining positive relationships with their various stakeholder categories, and also creating benefits for the employees,…… [Read More]
Sports Health Sciences
Soccer in the United States:
Soccer, despite of being one of the leading sports inthe world, had not gained enough popularity in United States until a few years back. It just became popular in the United States in last decade mainly because of the media and the FIFA which was played in the United States in 1994. It becomes clear that it was not until 1990's that "Soccer" was actually seen as a sports in the cities of the United States. In the early stages of the development of Soccer as a sport in United States, it was not well-differentiated from "football" and hence the word "football" was more commonly used for soccer until it became more and more popular with the span of time, for example, American Football Association which was founded in 1884. It's even more interesting to note that what we now call as…… [Read More]
Business Rhetoric: Drilling in the Marcellus Shale
and Environmental Politics
Inexpensive energy sources are a requirement if the country is going to continue to thrive the way it has for more than 200 years. The United States is trying to decrease the amount of fossil fuels that it uses in everyday applications. However, the worry is not the fuels themselves, but the costs associated with the fuels. Fossil fuels are a viable resource if they are clean and extracted from the earth in ways that can be shown to be environmentally friendly. Because of these requirements, natural gas has become one of the new class of fuels that is thought of as superior to producing products from crude oil.
Natural gas is a clean energy source that can be extracted more safely than other sources of gas. Another bonus is that the product is very plentiful in the United States.…… [Read More]
Cadmium in Wastewater and Drinking Water
The importance of efficiently controlling and monitoring potential toxins in water systems is extremely important. The potential contaminant known as Cadmium (Cd) is a naturally occurring trace metal that is regularly found in various types of ores. Its most common commercial uses are in the metal plating and coating of transportation vessels, household-cooking utensils, machinery and nickel-cadmium batteries (Advanced Purification Engineering Corporation, 2010). As a result of its multitude of uses, there are an equally large number of ways in which Cd can find its way into water systems. The most common of these are leaching, pipeline corrosion, corrosion from transportation vessels, runoff from metal and ore refineries among others. Cd is also capable of resulting in various negative health effects to humans unfortunate enough to consume it. Failure to adequately monitor Cadmium levels can result in numerous unsolicited health outcomes such as: "nausea,…… [Read More]
Solar is the Solution, author Steve Heckeroth argues that solar energy is the key to alleviating climate change. Heckeroth builds his argument on the statement that "Solar is a promising source of future energy supplies because not only is it clean, it's remarkably abundant." Another one of Heckeroth's claims is that "relying on coal, oil and natural gas threatens our future with toxic pollution, global climate change and social unrest caused by diminishing fuel supplies." These statements are internally valid; although Heckeroth does not provide quantitative data to back up these statements, they are easy to reference. Moreover, Heckeroth establishes his own credibility as an author qualified to write about environmental science by stating "I have been studying our energy options for more than 30 years." Of course, "studying" something for thirty years does not automatically make a person an expert. Heckeroth is admitting that he is a layperson who…… [Read More]
Environmental Tobacco and Asthma
Does environmental tobacco smoke increase the risk of asthma in children?
Smoking is observed as a common habit among uncountable number of people belonging to various countries of the world. It is expected that the number of smokers will rise in the near future because of attractive marketing campaigns run by tobacco companies. There was a time when only men were habitual to smoking. In the modern 21st century, youngsters and girls are also exposed to the thrills of smoking. People love to smoke despite knowing about its detrimental effects.
It is interesting to mention that smoking kills not only the smokers but also the ones who hate it. It is an interesting study that non-smokers are subject to all harmful effects of smoking just because they are present in the environment where people smoke.
There is significant relationship between passive smoking and disease and mortality…… [Read More]
aquatic system • Describe climate affects selected ecosystem. • Explain, based laws thermodynamics, energy flows selected ecosystem. • Examine matter transported selected ecosystem due biogeochemical cycles, carbon, hydrologic, nitrogen, phosphorus.
Aquatic ecosystems are mainly responsible for assisting energy transfers across the planet and for making it possible for all life on earth to exist. Depending on the area where it is located and on the substances that it contains, a body of water can have more or less living beings in it. Climate has a strong impact on water and on the organisms that directly depend on it. Climate change has had a severe effect on bodies of water all around the planet and this is obvious especially when considering melting glaciers and the energy that they release.
Thermohaline circulation is one of the most important circulation systems present on the planet and it is largely in charge…… [Read More]
Causes of Chronic Bronchitis in Workers
This review shows the literature and research available in the issue of respiratory diseases and the various occupations. The review shows that there is a pressing need to evaluate and conduct research in the known areas like coal, cement, and pesticides, but alarmingly agriculture and other industries have also to be included.
It is not only the factories that are hazardous. There are arguments to show that even farming can cause allergies. Rosenman (2012) in viewing "respiratory hazards that farmers and family members" argues that the grains that can be "contaminated with fungi, bacteria or microbial toxins; pesticides; solvents; gasoline and diesel fuels; and irritant gases such as oxides of nitrogen and ammonia." This may lead to occupational asthma and the allergens in such cases could be grain dust, cow dander, cow urine, egg yolk proteins, alternaria, aspergillus, cladosporium, meal worm, poultry mites, fungi,…… [Read More]
GCREC and Brownfields
GCREC 2012 Conference -- Revisiting Brownfield Redevelopment
The 4th Annual Conference of the Global Chinese Real Estate Congress (GCREC) was held on July 3-5, 2012 at the Grand Hyatt, Macau SAR, in China. The event was hosted by the Faculty of Business and Administration of the University of Macau and served as a platform for the brainstorming among scholars, practitioners and government officials on the latest developments in the real estate field and challenges faced in the sector. Participants came from across the globe.
A central component of the event was the "Revisiting Brownfield Redevelopment" presentation which focused on the reuse and reclamation of land that has real or perceived contamination. Brownfield sites are typically abandoned or underused industrial and commercial facilities available for re-use, which are very prevalent in China and can be a major boon to the local economy.
Expansion or redevelopment of such a…… [Read More]
To cope with the economic downturn, both businesses and the government in the United States implemented various relief programs. One of these was the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save (CARS) program, also known as the "Cash for Clunkers" program. This program was implemented during July and August in 2009, and offered consumers $3,500 or $4,500 in return for older vehicles that were traded in for newer, more fuel-efficient ones. The program was administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). While some believe that the program was very successful in reaching its objectives, others believe that the program did not fully reach its objectives or benefit all stakeholders.
The two main objectives of the Cash for Clunkers program were to help stimulate the economy during the time of the downturn, and secondly to put more fuel-efficient vehicles on the road. According to the Government Accountability Office…… [Read More]
Lewis Group Sustainability Model:
The Lewis Group is a retail furniture company operating in South Africa that sells its furniture to low-income customers. Notably, approximately 60% of the company's merchandise is being imported from some countries in Brazil and China. As the leading retailer of household furniture, home electronics, and electrical appliances, The Lewis Group sold its products mainly on credit through Best Home and Electric, the Lewis, and My Home Brands. The success and profitability of the Lewis Group is associated with the scope of its business and its business model. Currently, the company has more than 600 stores throughout the main metropolitan areas and has a strong presence in the rural areas in South Africa. Moreover, 56 of the firm's stores are located in the neighboring southern African nations like Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, and Lesotho.
The Lewis Group Business Model:
The Lewis Group business model basically revolves around…… [Read More]
Portugal 16th Century to Present
Portugal: 16th Century to Present
Portugal: 16th Century to Present
Portugal is a country a part of the continent of Europe. It is on the western coast of Europe sharing a boundary with Spain and the Atlantic Ocean. Portugal's independence and king (now there is a president and a prime minister) received formal recognition since the 12th century AD. The language is Portuguese and the people identify as Portuguese or of the Portuguese Republic (Republica Portuguesa). It is a mostly Catholic country and with mostly female citizens. There are nearly 11 million people living in Portugal according to the Central Intelligence Agency (2012). The capital city is Lisbon and most of the population lives in urban areas rather than rural areas. There are archipelagos, Azores, and Madeira, which are additionally a part of Portugal. The paper will provide insight into the country of Portugal,…… [Read More]
Ryanair: Europe's Largest Low Fares Airline
Ryanair is a European bases low fare airline that connects 160 destinations in its global operations. The airline has 44 bases covering 1100 route over 27 nations. Tony Ryan established the airline in 1985. He introduced low fare operations following successful models used by southwest airlines in 1995 under the supervision of a new management team. Some of the policies implemented by the airline include the adaptation of a single aircraft, low fares, direct booking and no frills. These policies allowed the company to benefit from an increase in its customer base since 1991. The company plans to replace the current aircraft used with a Booing Dreamliner to cater for the targeted customer growth to 80 million passengers. The airline also plans to invest in technology to enjoy the benefits associated with e-business. The use of technology such as the internet enables the organization…… [Read More]
Green Financing in the Philippines
Our traditional sources of energy are decreasing rapidly causing a demand and importance for green energy. The aim of green energy is to reduce the pollution problems that are being suffered. Investments in green energy are becoming increasingly more popular and more profitable.
Investments in green energy
The current situation for the Philippines is:
The Philippines are facing problems of pollution, higher health hazards, increased unemployment and poverty because of climate change.
The Philippine government has enacted legislation to address the issues, but fail to be consistent in the supervising and implementation of the regulations.
There are obstacles with the green practices that include public awareness, training for bank employees in green practices and costs, and SMEs having available information regarding the benefits of going green and obtaining financing to go green.
There are information gaps about renewable energy and energy efficient technologies, their achievements,…… [Read More]
Cultural and Ethnic Issues
Billabong is a leading name in the apparel industry of Australia. The company specializes in casual wear, wet suits and accessories. This report is intended to analyze the feasibility of setting up a manufacturing facility in Karachi, Pakistan. It is also intended that this manufacturing plant will be used as a regional office and will be used to introduce the products of Billabong in the Asian market.
During this feasibility study, the methodology used was PESTLE analysis. This method enabled the management to analyze this business proposal from political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental point-of-view. While analyzing Pakistani market as a future prospective, it was established that this business venture can be subjected to higher risks by political, social, and environmental forces. On the other hand, the legal structure of Pakistan…… [Read More]
eviromental analysis, Porters powers SWOT analysis sbout a project . My project open a retailing medical company buys locally import medical surgical consumables . The company manufacture prodect, copmany import consumables saudi arabia resell local market, Also company buy medical surgical items local market bulk quantities factories resell .
Medic Retailers is intended to be a large organization that will deal in the sale of medical supplies to consumers in Saudi Arabia. Indeed, doing business in the medical field is usually intensely involving given that the area is extremely regulated in order to ensure that standards are kept high. Similarly, the regulatory authorities are generally ultra-fast in closing down any businesses. Nevertheless, Medic Retailers intend to come up with a precise elucidative process that will ensure high levels of hygiene and efficiency in its operations. The business will be about the importation of medical and surgical equipment from foreign countries…… [Read More]
Coca Cola Company Case Analysis
Strategy Recommendation in Business
The Coca Cola Company (Case Analysis)
The Coca cola Corporation is among the most successful and well-known company in the globe. Its reputable existence is analyzed with its performance and efficient management. The company has dominated and controlled the beverage industry for many years, and has often proven its abilities in innovation, creativity and consumer satisfaction. The company has also set extremely high standards in terms of competition. In fact, its trademark is recognized with over 90% of the entire global population. Many factors contribute to the success of the organization, but also there are many hindrances. Opportunities and external threats are also evident in its positional market. After critical analysis, the following report was acquired, for the purpose of planning the company's future strategies.
Coca Cola's present strategies
The company has implemented a well-designed technological framework, to improve…… [Read More]
Global Warming, United States and the World
There are concerns that the natural ecosystem and human society is not capable of handling rapid changes in climate. Trying to deal with this challenge in a proper manner, a number of international treaties have been drawn up and many different activities have been arranged. In the year 1994, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) came into being. Since that year, 192 countries have ratified it. Then in 1997, the Kyoto Protocol was proposed and put into motion in the year 2005. By the 13th of May, 2008, the EEC (a regional economic integration organization) and 181 nations has ratified, approved or accepted the terms of this agreement (Kyoto Protocol: Status of Ratification, 2008). In two of the European Climate Change Programs (ECCP) the European Union decided to go beyond the stated demands of the Kyoto Protocol. They are also…… [Read More]
An ethical issue refers to a situation whereby an organization is required to choose amongst alternatives that must be evaluated as either wrong or right. For example, an ethical issue arises when a business company opts to make as much profit while pollution the environment, the dilemma here being the regulation and social consequences. The company management may opt to bribing the regulation implementing organization as long as they continue making short-term profits before the law catches up with them, by then they may be forced to attire with the rule or shut down but they will have made as much finances than when they may have started and the consequences on the social life will have reached the stage where it affects their health and made the environment unbearable. The principle of autonomy; which requires individuals to be left on their own independence to conduct their activities,…… [Read More]
Conversion of energy within the ecosystem
Within the ecosystem, there are laws of thermodynamics that guide the circulation and conversion of the energy in the ecosystem. There are basically two laws that govern this cycle of energy. It is worth knowing that Thermodynamics is the study of energy.
First law of thermodynamics; this law states that energy cannot be created nor destroyed but can be transformed from one form to another with an aim to accomplish some work. It also indicates that the total amount of energy in the universe basically remains the same and constant, the only thing that happens is that it changes from one form to another. It further indicates that energy is always conserved since it cannot be created or destroyed. This happens in the farm where we eat fruits and meat fro the animals that we slaughter and then we conserve this energy in…… [Read More]
Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol
An analysis of the effectiveness of an international agreement to mitigate the consequences of Climate Change without the involvement of the United States
Climate change, also known in some circles as global warming, is a phenomenon that has been the subject of a vast amount of attention in recent decades. This issue stands the potential not only to threaten many animal species around the world, but also has the potential to virtually eliminate the human race by making the climate of the earth inhospitable. Although it may be somewhat unlikely that the human species will become extinct anytime in the near future, the limitations of the planet to support the exponentially growing human population are becoming increasingly more salient as this field of research continues developing. With the world population recently climbing to over seven billion people, many researchers are questioning the natural ecosystem's…… [Read More]
Biology Questions & Posts
(01) Biomes and Diversity - Extinction is a natural selection process. Should humans strive to preserve a representative sample of all biomes or aquatic zones? Why should humans be concerned with the extinction rate?
Disregard for the conservation of the earth's biomes is an example of how human ignorance and hubris can result in irreversible environmental destruction. At any particular point in time, human beings cannot be certain that they know all they will ever need to know about the environment, about the potential benefits that may still be derived from ecological habitats. The perfect workings of the earth's biomes cannot be understood from the perspective of a demos that is not schooled in science, biology, ecology, geology, and other natural sciences. In their ignorance or negligence, human beings continue to rapidly bring devastation and irreversible pollution on the global natural environment. An important consideration is…… [Read More]
The case brought by the plaintiff alleges that the actions of the defendant constituted both a public and private nuisance. In bringing the action the plaintiff claims that the defendant in operating his large commercial dairy farm produces an inordinate amount of manure. The plaintiff claims that because the defendant improperly disposes of this manure the manure spreads onto not only the plaintiff's property but also into a nearby river. Additionally, the plaintiff alleges that the odor from the manure affects his ability to enjoy his property and negatively impacts on the enjoyment of an adjoining park area. The defendant counters the plaintiff's arguments by stating that he has done everything that he can to minimize the effect of the manure including installing storage lagoons and spreading the manure across his land. He acknowledges that such measures are more difficult during heavy rainfalls but that he does the…… [Read More]
Qantas Carbon Footprint
Qantas corporate governance statement mentions that Qantas has an appropriate corporate governance structure to ensure the creation, protection, and enhancement of shareholder value (Qantas, 2012). Based on this statement alone it seems as if Qantas does not promote a triple bottom line or any other measure of sustainability in the summary of their corporate governance strategy. Other firms in the airline industry make a stronger dedication to social and environmental issues in their corporate governance. Continental for example has significantly more mentions of such causes as well as a plethora of various projects to address these causes (Continental Airlines, 2012). Although Qantas does address such business functions later in their document, their corporate governance strategy seems to be more focused on shareholder value than a more balanced scorecard.
In response to pressures to mounting pressures to address ecological concerns about issues…… [Read More]
Legal Issues in Hydraulic Fracturing
This study provides a comprehensive elaboration of the legal implications of hydraulic fracturing. Moreover, it reviews the environmental issues associated with the process of hydraulic fracturing. The role of hydraulic fracturing in the United States energy needs is also reviewed. Some of the environmental issues raised concerning the process include ground water contamination, chemical implications as well as air contamination. The legal issues handled include the absence of adequate regulations within the national environmental laws framework that govern hydraulic fracturing (Tiemann, & Vann, 2011).
The current trends in the federal regulatory process, in the country are contained in the underground injection control program. However, the legal framework fails to articulate the requirements for the hydraulic fracturing activities clearly. This exemption at the national level allows for the continued use of a process that has negative implications t the environment. On several accounts, proposed…… [Read More]
Jack cannot be held liable for the cost of the EPA's cleanup of the land he used to own, as it (apparently) when unused during his ownership and he could not have caused the pollution. The Superfund law explicitly attaches liability to any party involved in bringing waste to a site, handling the waste at that site, generating the waste that ends up at the site, and even the current owner of the site despite the fact that they might not (and don't, in this case) have anything to do with the pollution. This means that Quality Disposal, Inc., Regional Trucking Company, Consolidated Industries, and Price Rite Corporation can all be held accountable for the costs of cleaning up the property in question in this case.
Federal anti-discrimination laws apply to businesses that have fifteen employees are more, and therefore Pacific Applications Company is most definitely subject to…… [Read More]
Scientific Method and Climate Change
One of the predominant changes occurring in the late 20th and early 21st centuries has been the manner in which economic, political and cultural movements have evolved to bring the world closer. This paradigm, globalism, tells us that a number of actions in modern life are connected, regardless of the political unit or geographic location of a country. Globalism shows us, however, that there have been a number of trends occurring over the last century, at least, that involve the manner in which industrial activities in one region have a negative effect on other regions -- sometimes globally (Speth, ed., 2003).
How is it, though, that we can formulate both an argument or a way to validate claims made about global environmental issues? Of course, all research actions begin with a question since research is the process of answering unknowns. For research to be valid…… [Read More]
Organizational culture theory and the role and impact of both formal and informal groups on the functioning of modern day organizations.
Organizational culture is the way organizations conducts its business transactions. It also refers to the different perspectives that a company sees things. An organization builds its own organizational culture through structure, history and the traditions of the company (Shafritz 2005). Theories of organizational culture suggest that culture gives an organization a sense of identity and defines what the company stands for. It also tells us what the company is. Culture also gives details to the principles of the company. Organizational culture in broader terms is the collective behavior of humans and the meaning of the actions that people do.
It involves the vision, norms, systems, beliefs and the organization values. Organizational culture contains values accepted by the employees of an organization. There are four main categories of organizational culture.…… [Read More]
They eat on ice and they give birth on ice. So if ice will disappear for a significant part of the year, these animals will be lost. The number of polar bears has already started to decrease and that is due to global warming. Scientists believe that although polar bears are great swimmers and they can swim for long distances, they drown because the number of ice sheets is becoming lower and lower.
Another arctic animal that is affected by the global warming is the walrus. Scientists discovered in summer of 2004, in the Canada Basin, a number of lonely walrus caves. They were swimming alone, far away from shore. Until then, scientists did not see walrus calves swim so far away from the shore in the summer. But because of the ice melting and the warmer temperature they need to look for food far away and let their pups…… [Read More]
The word asthma comes from the Greek word aazein which means to exhale with one's mouth open or to breathe with a pant; in literature its first emergence appears in the Illiad (Benson & Haith, 34). The exact definition of asthma be it with children or adults is that it is "a chronic disease of the lung manifest clinically as episodic obstruction of pulmonary airflow (Benson & Haith, 34). Asthma is an extremely common childhood illness and one which appears to be increasing each year with the number of children who have died from asthma tripling in the last few years (Martin & Fabes, 262). This is a major public health concern as asthma not only contributes to many missed days of school for children, as well as hospitalizations, but it puts an enormous strain on the health care industry. "Hospital admission for asthma alone increased from 21…… [Read More]
Apollo Program on Technology
Some people do not understand the space program. They consider it an indulgence with little to add to the practical world. What they fail to consider is that the space program has facilitated much of the science that is responsible for today's technological advances. In fact, putting aside anything that the space program has contributed to the knowledge of the universe as a greater system, it is still clear that the space program has made significant contributions to modern technology. In order to explore the relationship between the space program and technological innovation, this paper will examine the impact of the Apollo Program on modern technology. Discoveries made as part of the Apollo Program have led to advances and changes across a wide swath of modern technology; literally changing the face of modern America. Furthermore, these changes would not have been likely with the information garnered…… [Read More]
Below is a chart depicting various amounts of energy consumption by the average individual in Society? Notice that "space cooling," "water heating" and "lighting" segments contribute nearly 30% of all energy consumption in the household (Australian Energy Outlook 2006).
This energy consumption however, is variable in nature. Lighting costs or space cooling costs are dependent primarily on individual preference and discipline. By simply turning off lights, or reducing the amount of time in the shower, individuals can significantly reduce excessive energy use. Through this practice, society can achieve a significant and sustainable reduction in energy use (Tester, 2005).
In addition to excessive use with automobiles, lighting, cooling, and CO2 emissions mentioned above, I think Society must commit to energy savings in a profound manner. This is my biggest opportunity in regards to excessive energy use. Many individuals simply are not committed to such behavior. Their activities regarding energy reflect this…… [Read More]
Weathering is a process that happens to surface rocks based on the particular environment in which the rock is located. The two types of weathering are physical and chemical. Chemical weather is a process in which the internal crystals of rocks undergo chemical changes based on environmental conditions. If rock is exposed to water over a long period of time, for instance, it breaks down and often sand and clay are the result. Depending on the type of rock, there are a number of minerals that react to oxygen, particularly ones with iron or other metals. When we see reddish rocks, we are almost certain that they have iron as a component and have undergone chemical weathering.
Weathering has a symbiotic relationship to climate -- so the degree of weathering will vary with the climate of a particular area. One example might be a rock in the arctic regions would…… [Read More]
Wal-Mart is the largest retailer within the United States and has also enhanced its position within the international market place through the opening and operation of stores across various countries, such as Canada, Brazil and Argentina (Corporate Website of the Wal-Mart Stores, 2012). The success of Wal-Mart is due to their development and implementation of a business model based on the creation of scale economies and the adherent advantages.
The retailer purchases bulk products and resells them. Its primary strategy is that of cutting costs to the minimum possible in order to provide customers with the lowest possible price. This strategy has paid off and has earned Wal-Mart billion dollar profits in a crushing economy.
Wal-Mart operates large size facilities which consume high levels of energy, and as the stores expand and come to serve more and more customer, the energy needs of the facilities increase. In such…… [Read More]
In fact, the changes in technology and complexities of modern life enhance this idea. This is nowhere as apparent as it is in the idea of environmental safety and health, for actions taken in one part of the world do have a profound effect on other parts of the world. Even in modern, developed nations like the United States, we find mercury from Chinese factories, dust from Saharan Africa and smog from Mexico -- accounting for about 30% of the nation's ozone problems (Watson, 2005).
The Gaia Hypothesis, in fact, is a theory that the entire planet is large and complex living organism. This proposes that everything on earth, organic and inorganic, are completely integrated into a single and self-regulating complex system that maintains the conditions for life on earth (Gribbin, 2009). The complexity is so vast that we may not be able to completely understand it at present. For…… [Read More]