Alexander Hamilton Essays (Examples)

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Activity-Based Costing in Today's Global

Words: 1091 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25454611

(Questions that will assist in quantifying the relationship between resources and activities include: How much time is spent performing each activity? What equipment is used to perform activities? Do some activities have dedicated equipment? Do some activities require more space than others?) After the data on resources have been collected, establish cause-and-effect relationships between resources and activities or resources and cost objects. The third step in the process is to calculate activity costs. This is accomplished by assigning specific drivers to the activities based on interviews and logical associations. The forth step in the process is to identify cost objects. The next step is to how activities are related to cost objects in terms of time invested for these cost objects. The last step is to calculate cost object costs.

Traditional and Activity-Based Costing Accounting Methodologies

In the past, armed only with traditional management accounting information, managers were forced to…… [Read More]

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Politics and Government

Words: 2406 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 29477523

Government & Politics

The arguments contrast two observations. Which of them is the best and why? Give a detailed and substantial response.

Charles Beard and John Roche had differing views regarding the American constitution as they hailed from different background. Due to their diverse backgrounds, they have their own views regarding American constitution. A deep study of both authors shows that, John Roche is an optimist and a reformer, while Charles Beard attempts to expose the inner intentions of the founding fathers (Thesis Statement, 2014). Both authors give interesting insight into the minds of the founding fathers with rock solid evidence. Beard (1913) proposes that founding fathers had huge properties to protect while Roche (1961) argues that constitution united the nation quite effectively.

Beard's points

Those penning the constitution had sold commercial and financial interest of their own (p. 36)

The authors of the constitution were bent on penning a…… [Read More]

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U S Political Party System

Words: 1132 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73022279

Anti-Federalists and the Constitution in the Development of Political Parties

The Development of Political Parties

The Constitution and Political Parties

The Changing Ideology of Political Parties

Even before the adoption of the Constitution, political parties were beginning to form. Those who favored the Constitution were called Federalists, and were led by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison. Another group, led by Thomas Jefferson, opposed the adoption of the Constitution and was known as Antifederalists. The Antifederalists broke up after the Constitution was ratified, but they set the stage for the development of other political parties, resulting in the two party system that we have today.

The Development of Political Parties

The debate over the Constitution split people into two groups. Those who favored ratification believed that a strong federal government that would dominate the individual states. Hamilton particularly argued that the future of the country depended on the development of a…… [Read More]

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Constitution Debates

Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69130508

Constitution Debates

During the intellectual debate over the Constitution, the Anti-Federalist case against the Federalists' proposed system of checks and balances was made in a number of different ways. It is worth understanding the logic of the Anti-Federalists' arguments before we turn to the Federalist response to those arguments.

A first case made against checks and balances is an obvious one: that it diminishes direct accountability to the people on the part of the government itself. This is, of course, not only a case to be made against the system of checks and balances but a charge to be made against certain features of the Constitution overall: when we ask (for example) what was the intended purpose of the Electoral College, it is precisely this -- that by placing a symbolic entity between the great mass of the electorate and the executive authority that is elected, there might be some…… [Read More]

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American System Henry Clay Gave His Famous

Words: 711 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68304687

American System

Henry Clay gave his famous speech in support of the American System to the House of Representatives in 1824, although Alexander Hamilton had used the same term decades before. It rested "on the idea of harmonizing all the segments of the economy for their mutual benefit and of doing so by active support from an intervening national government" (Baxter 27). Clay's conversion to this policy was surprising since Hamilton had been a member of the Federalist Party while Henry Clay was supposedly a Democratic Republican and a Jeffersonian, opposed to Federal plans for government aid to industry, a national bank, protective tariffs and federal funding for highways, canals, railroads and other internal improvements. After the War of 1812, however, the first political party system had come to an end and the Federalists were discredited by their opposition to the war and threats of secession in New England. During…… [Read More]

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Maryland Many Consider Mccullough v

Words: 1778 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12505906

" (McCullough v. Maryland, 1819). Doherty's response to that statement is:

Ah well, the constitution is not a suicide pact, after all; nor is it a shopping list, a condominium agreement, or any number of other things. But it was meant to be a document that defined in a strictly limited way what government could do, and also to a significant degree how it could do it. (Doherty).

Obviously, Doherty recognizes that the Constitution is different than a mere law, but he is concerned that an overly liberal interpretation could give the Federal government too much power over the states and, ultimately, over the people. Such an argument is the prime reason that some people continue to question the doctrine of Federalism as outlined in the case, and why people debate the merits of the decision to this very day.

Works Cited

Atkins, Chris. "Important Tax Cases: McCullough v. Maryland…… [Read More]

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Branches of Government the Three

Words: 747 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36183007

This meant that President was not allowed to encroach upon the rights and powers of other branches. Hamilton further explains in the Federalist Paper # 75:

The essence of the legislative authority is to enact laws, or, in other words, to prescribe rules for the regulation of society; while the execution of the laws, and the employment of the common strength, either for this purpose or for the common defense, seem to comprise all the functions of the executive magistrate.

It was because the framers wanted to limit the powers of the President that his term was fixed at four-years. It was much later that the condition of twice consecutive terms was incorporated in the Constitution to further curtail the powers of the Executive branch. While the framers tried to control all braches of the government by means of limiting powers, they did intend to have a stronger executive branch…… [Read More]

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American Revolution's Emphasis on Individual Rights the

Words: 1324 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 2823346

American Revolution's Emphasis On Individual Rights

The American Revolution was in many ways a conflict over liberty -- a war between the ideology of the old world (as represented by the monarchy and the crown) and the new world (as represented by the Romantic/Enlightenment doctrine illustrated in Thomas Paine's Rights of Man). This paper will discuss the ways in which the early political experiences of our nation's forefathers gave the American political culture a preoccupation with the assertion of individual rights.

Foundational Ideology

The American Revolution was, in a way, a testing ground for the French Revolution that followed -- which gives a better understanding of Revolution in general and the ideas that were at the heart of it. While the Americans drafted their Declaration of Independence in 1776, asserting their individual rights -- the National Assembly of France drafted its Declaration of the Rights of Man a decade later…… [Read More]

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John Adams Was the Second

Words: 3045 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 50445004

In fact, many turned to Toryism because they believed that the aim of government was "to place man out of the reach of his own power." Adams strongly disagreed as he believed that the purpose of government was to secure for the citizenry "the greatest quantity of happiness" for the greatest number of people. His strong conviction was that this 'general happiness' could be achieved if the citizenry not only made the laws, but if "an Empire of Laws and not of men" came into being. Furthermore, Adams believed that the American Revolution would enhance individual opportunity. His aim was to destroy the system of elite privileges which existed in both monarchical and aristocratic societies; this wish was based on his belief that power should never be an inherited right because the first objective of the governing elite would be to serve themselves.

Adams contended that private virtue was crucial…… [Read More]

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Constitution Economic Powers Constitution Article

Words: 2333 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 63854153

Each state and many banks eventually developed their own currencies, greatly complicating trade and issues of security, both through increased potential for fraud and a lack of reliable knowledge about the strength of a particular currency at any given time. These issues were seen as largely responsible for a series of financial crises in the nineteenth century, and even in part for the Great Depression. The establishment of a uniform national currency was not established via a Constitutional amendment, but it is hard to imagine accepting anything else today.

Section V: Judicial Developments

Other than the judicial interpretation of the taxation powers granted to Congress which led to the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment as detailed above, judicial development concerning Congress' powers to tax and to mint money has been significantly eclipsed by legislative changes. In fact, there are some significant legal questions concerning the Federal Reserve System and its…… [Read More]

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Politics Six Questions & Discussion on American

Words: 2113 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20754328


Six Questions & Discussion on American Politics

Constitutional Convention

During the U.S. Constitutional Convention of 1787, two primary plans were forwarded that shaped the development and discussion at the convention that would forever impact the shape of American politics. The first plan, the Virginia Plan, introduced by Governor Randolph, was an effort to simply revise the existing Articles of Confederation. It was characterized by three major points: the structural exclusion of states from elections and representation at the national level, reductions of powers to individual states, and the abandonment of the some national features of republicanism like institutional separation of powers. The Virginia Plan was countered by two alternative plans, and a division at the Convention: the New Jersey Plan that believed the Virginia Plan went too far in affording power to the national government, and the Hamilton Plan that argued the Virginia Plan didn't go far enough (Lloyd).…… [Read More]

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Federalist vs Anti-Federalist Papers

Words: 660 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66946921

The Federalists advocated a strong central government while the Anti-Federalists advocated state governments. The former feared that division would lead to fighting and instability. The latter feared that centralized power would lead to the kind of totalitarianism that the American Revolutionaries had just victoriously opposed in the War for Independence. This paper will describe why I would align myself with the Anti-Federalists because of their aversion for centralized power.

The difference between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists was all about what kind of government the United States would have. The Federalists wanted to ratify the Constitution (which we have today) because it defined the ways in which states would be subject to a federal government and the ways in which they would be free to act on their own. The view of the Federalists was that the Constitution would protect the states from "domestic factions and convulsions" and provide unity…… [Read More]

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Where Did the Constitution Come From

Words: 2216 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89489121

Competency 1
Historical problems were managed in the evolution of the U.S. Constitution through the working out of the system of rights that the states would have vs. the rights that would belong to the federal government. In the early days, it was very much a battle between those who wanted a strong central government (the Federalists) and those who wanted strong states (the Anti-Federalists). The Federalists were led by men like Alexander Hamilton, who wrote many of the Federalist Papers and warned Americans that if they did not adopt the Constitution, their nation would tear itself apart from the inside out; it would get involved in all kinds of foreign wars, and it would never be safe. The Anti-Federalists argued that a strong central government would quickly lead to a tyranny just like that which the Revolutionaries had opposed in the War for Independence. In the end the Federalists…… [Read More]

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The Consolidation of Power Ratification of the US Constitution

Words: 1570 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55657296

Confederation and Constitution

The differences between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of 1787 were significant. The former entrusted power to the individual states while the latter relinquished the majority of power to the central/federal government. This was evident in the way in which representation was established and legislation enacted. For example, under the Articles, Congress was unicameral -- that is, one house. Under the Constitution, Congress was bicameral, consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate. This allegedly gave more power to the states by allowing more state Representatives into the government, in actuality it diluted the process of passing laws, making it much more bureaucratic (Freedman, 1993).

Essentially, the Articles gave sovereignty to the states, while the Constitution gave it to the collective group of states, i.e. the nation -- represented centrally by the federal government. It was in other words a difference of allotting power…… [Read More]

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Analyzing the Partisan Politics

Words: 2107 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34653564

Partisan Politics

At the time the U.S. Constitution was ratified, the new America of the 19th century saw its indigenes with varied political opinions. Those in favor of a powerful central government and therefore, a restraint of the powers the states possessed were part of the Federalist Party; those with the belief that interpretation should be given to the Constitution in order to reduce the powers the national government wields, which would further empower the states, became part of the Republican PartyTherefore, The Federalists adopted a nationalistic opinion; the Republicans, although they would not refute the efficiency of the central government, held the opinion that certain rights ought to be kept for the states. Thus, this essay will explore the aforementioned idea (Writer Thoughts). It will examine how the Federalist philosophy and ideas shaped modern American Society.

Supporters of the Constitution

The proposed American Constitution's advocates labeled themselves as "Federalists."…… [Read More]

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Articles of Confederation With the New Constitution

Words: 1097 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41234079

Articles of Confederation with the new Constitution of 1787. We will see what were the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles vis-a-vis the Constitution and give specific instances that demonstrate the weakness of the Articles, in particular its financial issues.

Default and debt is an American tradition and it was initiated with gusto in the days following the Revolution when Dutch and French holders of American bonds found it impossible to get regular payments on the Continental notes that they held. Additionally, depression had struck the new nation in by the mid-1780s, raising questions arose about the nature of American democracy and the ability of the new government to function. Conservatives believed that the answer the nation's problems lay in a stronger national government. Most radicals believed it was up to the states to relieve the financial burden of the people. These sentiments fostered a movement for a new constitution.…… [Read More]

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Madison's Role in Trying to

Words: 9173 Length: 28 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78854304

In fact, during the 1787 Constitutional Convention, Slonim notes that the need for a bill of rights was not even a topic of discussion until Virginian delegate George Mason raised the issue just several days before the Convention was scheduled to rise on September 17; Mason suggested that a bill of rights "would give great quiet to the people." Following this assertion, Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts moved that the Convention add a bill of rights to the Constitution and Mason seconded his motion to no avail: "The Convention unanimously rejected the proposal by a vote of 10 to 0, with one state absent. Failure to heed Mason's counsel was to plague the Federalists throughout the ratification campaign" (emphasis added).

The first major confrontation concerning the ratification of the Constitution involving the need for a bill of rights occurred in Pennsylvania several weeks after the close of the Constitutional Convention; at…… [Read More]

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James Madison at His Inaugural

Words: 2695 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56815502

The first is an arrogant pre-tension falsified by the contradictory opinions of all Rulers in all ages, and throughout the world: the second an unhallowed perversion of the means of salvation" (Boston).

Madison's document was successful in crushing Henry's measure, as opposition flooded the Virginia statehouse from every corner of the commonwealth, and the bill was voted down (Boston). Using this momentum, Madison pushed Jefferson's "Act for Establishing Religious Freedom" through the assembly, while Jefferson was serving in France as the U.S. ambassador (Boston). Writing to Jefferson, Madison noted, "The enacting clauses passed without a single alteration, and I flatter myself have in this Country extinguished for ever the ambitious hope of making laws for the human kind" (Boston). It was not long before Madison had the opportunity to express these views to a national audience.

By 1787, it was obvious that the loose arrangement provided by the Articles of…… [Read More]

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Early United States History

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51561509

United States History

On April 19, 1775, a detachment of the British regular Army marched inland from Boston, Massachusetts, in search of a cache of arms and with orders to arrest certain prominent local leaders. At Lexington, they confronted and fired upon a small group of local militia, who had gathered on the town common, or "green." Further along their line of march, they confronted a much larger group of militia at a bridge in Concord, and were turned back. Retreating to Boston, the British soldiers were subjected to continual sniper attacks. The Battle of Lexington and Concord, coming after a dozen years of escalating political conflict between the colonies and the British Parliament, marked the beginning of the American Revolution.

On May 10, 1775, the Second Continental Congress, with representatives from thirteen of the British colonies along the Atlantic Coast of North America, began meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The…… [Read More]

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American Democracy & the U S

Words: 2075 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65426903


Thus, the members of the Convention assumed that, although power was a necessary evil, it was also dangerous, especially when provided to the wrong person who might take advantage of this power for his own gain. In essence, the members attempted to compose a constitution that would insure effective power for the government when needed but that would also place reliable checks and safeguards on the use of that power. Once again, this aim can be traced back to Montesquieu's essay in which he states "to prevent the abuse of power, 'tis necessary that by the very disposition of things (that) power should be checked... " (Leone 37).

But the members were also much too experienced in the ways of politics to take for granted that conscientious and moral men would always be elected to office. To them, human nature was universally fallible and only built-in safeguards could be…… [Read More]

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Articles of Confederation Has Gone Down in

Words: 1668 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43792223

Articles of Confederation has gone down in history and always will be known for the absolute failure that it was. In 1777, there was a need to lay a foundation or formulate a balanced government in accordance with the ideals of the American Revolution. The Articles of Confederation reflected the fears of American after the Revolutionary War, and their desire to free themselves of tyrannical rule. In order to understand the need for the 1787 Constitution, the articles of Confederation need to be understood. Under these laws, every state was basically its own country (at least by today's definition of what a country is). Each state had its own currency, interstate commerce, and foreign affairs (Jensen, 1959) . Though the largest problem was the issue of currency, as every state printed its own money and this brought issues when it came to trading beyond their territory because in some states,…… [Read More]

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Shelley's Frankenstien Mary Shelley and Her Frankenstein

Words: 1370 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51676248

Shelley's Frankenstien

Mary Shelley and her Frankenstein Monster

Mary Shelley is the author of the famous novel Frankenstein and was born in London, England the year of 1797 (Merriman, 2006). Shelley came from strong genes as both her mother (Mary Wollstonecraft) and father (William Godwin) were considered philosophers and enlightened thinkers (Merriman, 2006). Shelley is credited (believed) to have started the science fiction genre during this time period. As a writer, Shelley was well versed in penned novels, short stories, dramas, essays, and biographies. Shelley's husband is famous poet, Percy Bysshe Shelley, who was known to have been a radical, often encouraging the working class to rebel against the nobles in his works (Prentice Hall, 2006). Shelley also helped in editing and often times marketing her husband's (Percy Bysshe Shelley) Romantic poems.

This essay will discuss background information about the historical period when Frankenstein was written and include a detailed…… [Read More]

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The Ripple Effects of American

Words: 4742 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 5699076

In this encouragement, American would help to touch off something
perhaps all the more miraculous given the proximity to its oppression to
the European peasantry at large. First in the doctrines which would be
formulated in the wake of French independence and secondly in the way that
Napoleon Bonaparte would begin the spread of such doctrines to a continent
driven by inequality, America's revolution could be said to have been the
opening round in the deconstruction of colonialism and feudalism throughout
Europe and thus, the world.
Drafted in the image of the American Declaration of Independence,
though perhaps more ambitious and sweeping even in its trajectories, the
Declaration of the Rights of Men would dictate a universal principle
arguing that all men are born equal and that any distinctions made between
men according to the social conditions must be terms agreed upon by all
parties. The constitutional document underscoring the…… [Read More]

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Paulson Multiple Foundings and Evolutions

Words: 397 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 25388928

S. Constitution; Bertelli & Lynn). The general outline and structure of this paper will build from historical roots of bureaucracies as described in the literature and follow a chronological through-line of administration development through to the modern era.



Discussion of the founding principles of the United States

Conflicting Ideals of Self-Reliance/Government protection

Development of Bureaucracies

Examination of Hamilton's views on public administration

Analysis of Madison's administration

General growth of federal government

Different Founding of Public Administration

Initial administration and principles reviewed

Aftermath of Civil War

Teddy Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Lyndon Johnson

Shifts in Modern Era

Pull-back in regulations of business, return to laissez faire

Greater emphasis on personal responsibility

TARP Decision

Lack of regulation leading to ultimate fallout

Protective/preemptive measures determined to be necessary

Developing ideals behind protection v self-reliance


Bertelli, a. & Lynn, L. (). Madison's managers. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Green, R. (2002).…… [Read More]

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George Washington Man of Honor or Man

Words: 1886 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86410100

George Washington:

Man of Honor or Man of Shame?

When most people think of George Washington they imagine a noble man of almost mythical proportions. Indeed, to many of Washington's contemporaries, as well, the former President of the United States was commonly considered to be " ... A man of unquestioned integrity (Halstead, 1997)." This is perhaps even more the case in modern times, partly due to the efforts of numerous biographers over the years since his death. Not only did they make a veritable science out of capitalizing on tales of his legendary goodness, as well as his symbolic role as the embodiment of "American virtue (Halsted)," but they seem to have also "struck a chord" with a deep need in the collective American psyche to imagine the beginnings of this nation as an event steeped in nothing but noble division to the ideals of liberty. Be that as…… [Read More]

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The New Nation Jackson and Beyond

Words: 581 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87105454

What were the challenges of starting a new government?

Although in the United States today the American Revolution is considered a noble effort, in the view of Great Britain at the time of the revolt it was seen as treason or the greatest crime possible against a legitimate government. Beginning a new government in an era where the divine right of kings and heredity was the primary source of legitimacy for most monarchs was an undeniable challenge for the colonists. This was particularly the case in the colonies given the fact that the American Revolution had focused upon separating the new nation from what they called a tyrannical sovereign in the Declaration of Independence.

On one hand, the new nation was supposed to be founded upon independence and freedom, as proudly proclaimed in the Declaration. But creating a functioning government under these terms proved challenging. The Articles of Confederation, the…… [Read More]

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U S Presidents 1789 to 1840

Words: 1247 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13137740

The presidents that served between 1789 and 1840 helped shape the nation during its formative years. During this critical period in American history, statesmen laid the foundations for political culture, philosophy, and institutions. Although all the presidents during this fifty-year period had some influence on the early republic, several left a more outstanding mark and legacy. As a Founding Father and author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson undoubtedly deserves recognition as one of the most important presidents in the entire history of the country. As a slave owner who believed in a small central government, Jefferson also set a precedent for what would become a series of contentious compromises between Americans who supported racism and the slave trade and those who recognized the ways slavery contradicted the underlying principles of the democracy. Likewise, James Monroe carried on the American legacy of compromise, and is remembered most by the…… [Read More]

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US Constitution and the Amendments

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25111100

The institutional power that I believe to be the most important is the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution: “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” The authority given to states by this amendment was to ensure that the federal government would never get to big—and yet over the years, this amendment has not proven to be a very good safeguard of states’ rights. So many states, for example, are dependent on federal subsidies that they will not assert themselves in many cases. However, there is still some sign that states recognize their autonomy. For example, in the case of the legalization of marijuana, many states have decriminalized its usage even though according to the federal government it is still a Schedule 1 narcotic (DEA, n.d.). Nonetheless, the federal…… [Read More]

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Life tenure by Supreme Court judges

Words: 1221 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81284335

Supreme Court Justices as regards their lifetime appointment status.

Life tenure by Supreme Court judges has numerous significances as well as drawbacks. However, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages and, as such it should be taken into consideration. Furthermore, the federal judges should receive significant pay as result of the importance of their job.

This article includes the advantages and disadvantages of being a federal judge, as well as their tenure and salaries.

The Pros

Unquestionably, life occupation of office by federal judges has an extremely vital purpose: It protects the judges against the pressure which comes from politics as a result of sporadic accountability to voters. In contrast to numerous state judges, the federal judges do not need to get worried about coming up with funds for vote hunting campaigns or coming up with unpopular rulings that are legally correct but displeasing to the electorates. An important job of the…… [Read More]

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Homeland Security and Constitutional Issues

Words: 2238 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 74789987

Homeland Security / Constitutional Issues

Civil Liberties: These are fundamental freedoms interpreted by policymakers and courts over the years or assured by the Constitutional Bill of Rights (Pearcy, 2003-2016).

Bill of Rights: This is an official statement of American citizens' fundamental rights, integrated into the U.S. Constitution in the form of ten Amendments, as well as into the constitutions of all states (Bill of rights, n.d.).

Thought Police: This denotes a cluster of individuals holding totalitarian views regarding a particular subject, and who continuously keep an eye on others for noting any deviations from the way of thinking approved (Thought Police, n.d.).

Thought Crime: This refers to a case of controversial or unconventional thinking, which is regarded as socially unacceptable or as a crime (Oxford Dictionaries, 2016).

Big Brother: A 'big brother' is an ever-present, apparently benevolent personage who represents the tyrannical control over the lives of individuals as exerted…… [Read More]

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Libertarians and the Federal Government

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45600411

Political Ideology

My political ideology is based on my reading of the early Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers. When I read these papers I realized that the way our country works today was really shaped by events back then during the days of the founding of the country's constitution. I used to be a Constitutionalist and identify with the libertarians led by Ron Paul, who pushes to uphold the Constitution. But after reading the Anti-Federalist Papers, I realized that the Constitution itself was never really a good thing: it was essentially designed to take power away from the states and place it in the hands of a central government, an idea promoted by Alexander Hamilton in the Federalist Papers (Federalist No. 6, n.d.). The Anti-Federalists viewed this as a violation of the freedom and autonomy they had just won from England in the Revolutionary War (Brutus No. 1, 1787). If the…… [Read More]

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Federal Reserve and Financial Crisis

Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20272170

Banking System

The United States banking system has been around for quite a while. Indeed, the Bank of New York was founded in 1784, a scant eight years after the United States was created. The banking system has two major functions. First, they operate an overall payments system. Second, they facilitate and allow for financial intermediation. There was no formal financial system in the colonial states prior to the formation of the United States. The modern form of the banking system has only really been around since the early 1900's. The nascent form of the banks as they exist today was created by Alexander Hamilton. As of the inauguration of George Washington in 1789, only three banks existed in all of the colonies. Generally speaking, banks are typically financial institutions that are chartered and regulated mostly by the state in which the bank or banks operate. The banking system of…… [Read More]

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What Kind of Government Do People Want

Words: 2031 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 26735648

Big vs. Small Government

The problem of government and public administration in the U.S. today is one that affects many people. The trend in politics in recent years is for voters to voice their anger and frustration with government by voting for outsiders, such as Rand Paul, Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders -- candidates who challenge the status quo, overreach of big government, lack of accountability and lack of representation. However, what representatives like Ron Paul assert is that government is too big and that smaller government, according to the Constitution as it was initially devised, needs to be adhered to in order to protect citizens from big government.

The main point of this study is to understand whether the common citizen is in favor of big government or small government and what their perception of the role of government is in today's world.

This study uses relevant literature on…… [Read More]

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Executive Branch and Foreign Affairs

Words: 3099 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61431782

Executive Branch Authority to Conduct Foreign Affairs

Executive Power is vested in the President of the United States by Article II of the Constitution. Article II, Section 1, Clause 1 of the American Constitution, called the 'Executive Vesting Clause' has been the constant focus of constitutional analysis, even at the time of its ratification. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton famously debated this clause in 1793, on the specific issue of residual authority given to the President above and beyond powers as enumerated in the Constitution. The power and authority of the President affects not only the President himself, and the two arms of the Congress, but also the freedoms and rights of U.S. citizens. The precise delineation of executive power has been the subject of notable Supreme Court cases particularly with respect to foreign affairs and war. In the United States now, due to the 'War on Terror', issues of…… [Read More]

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United States Constitution and Federalism

Words: 1376 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42194650

Constitution of the United States was ratified after lengthy debate, mainly focused around issues related to the powers that would be bequeathed to the federal government. Although a gross oversimplification, the debate can be loosely qualified as being one between federalists on the one hand, and antifederalists on the other. Federalists, among them founding father luminaries from George Washington and Benjamin Franklin to James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay, believed that a strong central government was the key to forming a successful and resilient new nation in the immediate aftermath of the colonies' divorce from Great Britain. The federalist views permeated the discussions and debates at the Philadelphia Convention, at which the Constitution of the United States was hammered out, drafted, and eventually ratified into the law of the land. The Constitution of the United States replaced the Articles of Confederation, which called for a looser union of states…… [Read More]

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What Is the Market-State

Words: 3079 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24148627


Both Phillip Bobbit and Richard Robison offer accounts of what a market-state is. Bobbit contends that the core features of the market-state are a crisis of the nation-state, a transformation of core state functions, relations of national states to transnational markets, and cosmopolitan culture. Finance is at the center of the culture, the money economy. Governments are more centralized but weaker because power is allocated by the money men, the banks, the managers of finance and capital, and governments are merely their footstools. According to Robison, on the other hand, market-states are neo-liberal, techno-managerial and instrumental, and citizens are clients and consumers. Both describe the materialistic, consumerist society, yet each has its own theoretical approach and unique conceptualization. This paper will compare Bobbit's and Robison's accounts of market-states and use the writings of Smith, Keynes, Marx and others to help illustrate the nature of the two.

Differences of What…… [Read More]

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Federalists vs Anti-Federalists

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98415832


In many ways, the initial political parties in the fledgling nation of the United States were the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. As the names of these partisans indicate, many of their ideals and objectives were diametrically opposed to one another. For the most part, Federalists were in favor of a strong centralized government, while Anti-Federalists were more committed to states rights and autonomy. As history indicates, in the end the Federalist viewpoint decidedly won and played a far more influential role in the shaping of the country -- especially in contemporary times -- than that of Anti-Federalists.

Federalists favored a strong centralized government largely because of what was perceived as the inefficacy of a decentralized government in which individual states had a great degree of authority and independence from one another. The Articles of Confederation was one of the major impetuses for the Federalist viewpoint. The Articles provisioned states…… [Read More]

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Legal Principle Due Process Encapsulates All the

Words: 1796 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43349471

legal principle, Due Process, encapsulates all the guarantees to the rights of an individual or a group. The provision for these rights in the Constitution simply means that the interests of the individuals and groups covered by it are protected. The fundamental human rights include right to life, liberty, and the acquisition of property. Some people believe that individuals should also have a right to the pursuit of happiness. A critical look at Due Process reveals that it links to justice and fairness in every proceeding. The practice of viewing Due Process in this way is known as Procedural Due Process (Rogers et al., 2007).

In isolation, the term "due process" may refer to the manner in which court proceedings are organized and administered. It then means that due process of the law could also be those statutes the legislative arm enacts. The Constitution clearly defines and separates Federal and…… [Read More]

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U S Economic Downturn Has Made Many States

Words: 5798 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 77180397

U.S. economic downturn has made many states in the United States to implement strategies to boost economic developments of their respective states using different economic incentives to attract investors. Recognizing the needs to be competitive nationally and globally, New Jersey legislative house has sponsored the "New Jersey Economic Opportunity Act II of 2013" with the aim of fostering an economic development in the state. The goal of Economic Opportunity Act is to improve the panoply of economic incentives to encourage companies in the United States and outside the United States to invest in the state to boost employment opportunities and revenues of the state.

Several states in the United States have also implemented similar programs to enhance economic growth. Example of these states includes Wisconsin, North Carolina, Missouri and Mississippi. Missouri used the BUILD (Business Use Incentives for Large-scale Development) to stimulate 1,410 permanent jobs in 2011 fiscal year. Few…… [Read More]

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NAFTA Historical Beginning of NAFTA With Specific

Words: 24582 Length: 89 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35869787


Historical Beginning of NAFTA (with specific bibliography)

NAFTA Objectives

What is NAFTA

The Promise of NAFTA

NAFTA Provisions

Structure of NAFTA

Years of NAFTA (NAFTA not enough, other plus and minuses)..

Environmental Issues

Comparative Statements (Debate)

NAFTA - Broken Promises

NAFTA - Fact Sheet Based Assessment

NAFTA & Food Regulation

NAFTA - The Road Ahead

NAFTA in Numbers

Goal Fulfillment

Major Milestones

Consolidated Bibliography

This study set out to examine the inner workings of the North American Free Trade Agreement. The aim of this study is to assess whether the NAFTA agreement is viable, and whether it has achieved the goals that it set out to accomplish. For purposes of this study, objective information was gathered to assess many different aspects of the NAFTA agreement, including but not limited to the following: History, Structure, Provisions, Issues, Statements and Milestones.

Purpose of Study

The purpose and aim of this study…… [Read More]

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Trace the Evolution of the American Two Party System

Words: 378 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49286296

Evolution of the Two-Party System in America

Most of the founding fathers of the United States were opposed to the formation of political parties considering them as "quarreling factions" that would foster corruption and hinder the public from freely judging issues on merit. Hence no provision was made in the U.S. Constitution for political parties. Yet a two-party has come to dominate the country's politics, with the Democratic and the Republican parties becoming the two dominant political parties in the U.S. since the mid-19th century.

As early as the 1790s, people with deferring vision of the country's future had started to band together in order to win support for their ideas. The faction that was identified with Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton and Vice President John Adams became known as the "Federalists" while those who supported Thomas Jefferson and James Madison came to be known as the "Democratic-Republicans." (Burke)…… [Read More]

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Baron Von Steuben

Words: 3898 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4855791

Baron Von Steuben was known as Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus von Steuben in America, and as Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand, which was the name, he called himself in later years. He was born in Magdeburg fortress in 1730. At the age of ten, he returned to Germany and at the age of 17 he had joined the Infantry unit of the Prussian Army. Baron von Steuben, was new to the Revolutionary cause in America, and as a result was able to witness several shortcomings of discipline in the military and identify the causes for it.1 His progress was steady and he served as an officer in the Seven Years War and was later promoted to the General Staff that would be posted to Russia often. Fredrick the Great was impressed with the young Baron von Steuben and assigned him to his own headquarters. The experiences the young officer gained with…… [Read More]

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Congress Role in War Making

Words: 7307 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34599452

Congress Role in War Making

War has become a part of the human world. When we understand the events from the past to the present, for the purpose of dealing with conflicts, human beings have been pampered with weapons. Even though war has become an element of human custom, it has always been seen that efforts have always been made to control the outcome of war and the techniques employed in carrying forward the war. These efforts made to control the outcome of war has resulted in deciding the factors in the western civilization as to what should be the methods to be adopted to conduct the war and the proper time for carrying forward the war. In the case of America, the decision of which wing of government should make war has been a matter of dispute. There are several experts who are of the opinion that the president…… [Read More]

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American History From the Origins of the

Words: 979 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27815762

American History from the Origins of the Revolution to the Close of War of 1812

In the 16th century, America, in its development as a new nation, had been colonized by the British government, and for a decade, Americans had shown little resistance against the British colonizers. However, a decade after their conquest, the British forces and government in America had met resistance from the people, and these acts of resistance were triggered by a number of events and policies that further illustrated the growing inequality and injustices of the British to the Americans. As the American Revolution became successful, and America had finally achieved independence, the War of 1812 broke out, pitting the country once again against the British forces. The War of 1812 had also encountered problems that had happened before and during the development of the said war. These conflicts and major problems are essential to the…… [Read More]

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Ink Dried on the U S Constitution Political

Words: 742 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70182926

ink dried on the U.S. Constitution, political parties began emerging in the United States. Despite the adamant argument of early party members that they were against such parties becoming commonplace in American politics, the division amongst those in power became clear almost immediately after the Constitution was drafted in the late eighteenth century. The differences in opinion between the two parties in the U.S. government helped maintain a sense of "check and balances" for every politician, as well as each party itself. Between 1790 and 1814, there were several opportunities for the different factions to compete for the loyalty of the American citizens, all which helped shaped our political system today.

The Federalist Party was one of the first two parties to arise after the Constitution. The Federalist faction was founded primarily by the Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton and by Vice President, John Adams. (Burke) The Federalists desired…… [Read More]

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Origins of Polis Aristotle the Polis Finds

Words: 654 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67056286

Origins of Polis: Aristotle

The polis finds its original roots in necessity. The polis existed to protect citizens in times of war. The polis was a small defensible area which farmers who had banded together defended in the event of an attack. For instance, the Acropolis in Athens originally served as a polis. The growth of the polis was entirely unplanned; necessity dictated its size and its borders. Unlike most cities, the polis was placed well inland so as to avoid attack by sea.

Slowly, by the time of Aristotle, the polis had developed into a small, independent community which was male-dominated and bound together by one single race. There was very little diversity within the polis. Membership in the polis was exclusive as well. Only certain families and their descendants could become members. Indeed, the memberships were not transferable either; Rights to belong to a polis could not be…… [Read More]

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Motivational Speech Importance Military Birthday Celebrations I

Words: 857 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74822835

motivational Speech importance Military Birthday Celebrations. I inspire motivate a crowd history importance Military Birthdays. I talk actual dates speak extremely important person important birth service.

Keyword Outline

Why celebrating military birthdays is important

The Army

The Navy

The Marine Corps

The Air Force

The National Guard

Evoking self-assertive citizens

Military accomplishments

For one to take fate into his/her hands is an act of self-assertiveness. For one to do so and claim responsibility for the faiths of entire troops and units is the burden of proof for bravery. When such men and such women choose to take the helm and lead the nation's destiny as entrusted to them by the very latter, this is devotion and glory. The people in the military forces are the above. These are the people who must never be forgotten, those who are no longer with us and the living. The purpose of this essay…… [Read More]

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Marbury v Madison Was a Case Between

Words: 1510 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84488844

Marbury v. Madison was a case between William Marbury and James Madison in 1803, which sparked one of the most important decisions made in American history. The case itself has actually enabled the Supreme Court to declare an act of law unconstitutional. Marbury v. Madison also further established the idea of judicial review within the United States, allowing the courts some power in nullifying the decisions of one branch of government. It allowed for the U.S. form of "checks and balances" in the government.

Battle of Saratoga

The battle that took place in Saratoga at 1777 was a major patriotic victory during the American Revolutionary War. Commander John Burgoyne surrendered in October 17, 1777, after having been surrounded by General Horatio Gates. This was not only a British defeat, but it also indicated the general setbacks for the Iroquois leaders who sided with the British army. The Iroquois Confederacy was…… [Read More]

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Marshall Smelser the Democratic Republic 1801-1815

Words: 797 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 33650485

Democratic Republic

The author of The Democratic Republic: 1801-1815 is historian Marshall Smelser. In this text, author Smelser covers a decade and a half of American history. This book describes the administrations of both President Thomas Jefferson and nearly the entire administration of President James Madison. It also covers all major historical events of the era in ways that are easily accessible, even to those who are not well-educated in American history. Marshall Smelser focuses both the actual historical events themselves, but also in how these historical events related to the creation and implementation of diplomacy between the United States and other countries.

Many historians and authors of historical texts are guilty of being, at the very least, subconsciously biased in favor or against the object of their writing. More often than not, these biases are quite obvious. However, most historians do not admit that they have these biases, if…… [Read More]

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Federalist No Primary Source Analysis on September

Words: 637 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84719480

Federalist No.

Primary Source Analysis

On September 17, 1787 the Constitution of the United States was signed by 39 delegates from 12 states in Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, after spending the summer debating the final form in the first Constitutional Convention. The Constitution represented in part an attempt to prevent the dissolution of the confederacy of states formed by the shared goal of independence, by forming a strong federal government (Rhodenhamel, 1987, p. 6).

Once the Constitution had been signed it had to be ratified by at least nine states before the federal government could be formed. To urge the states to ratify, a series of influential essays were published in New York newspapers by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay, under the pseudonym Publius (Rhodenhamel, 1987, p. 45). This collection of essays was called The Federalist Papers (Genovese, 2009).

Historians have since recognized that the most influential of…… [Read More]

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Citizen Journalism Tech Advertising If News Media

Words: 1841 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46812356

Citizen Journalism, Tech, Advertising

"If news media have to cut back and are unable to provide the same level of coverage for their communities that they did in the past, citizen journalism may need to step in," said Margaret Duffy, associate professor of the Missouri School of Journalism (Hurst). Her comment was posted in a July 2010 depiction of a study on Citizen Journalism vs. Legacy News, which refers to traditional coverage by mainstream sources. The outcome was not positive; it appears that the grassroots alternative is falling short of its potential. Few citizen journalists publish daily and sites that host them do not have the resources for conventional investigative writing. The Weblog of the World Association of Newspaper and News Publishers (WAN-IFNA) was even more specific in claiming that informal writing of this nature was no threat to their sector. Apparently they do not believe that readers will find…… [Read More]

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Second Reconstructions One of the Most Dramatic

Words: 6309 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52783284

Second Reconstructions

One of the most dramatic consequences of the Civil War and Reconstruction was that the South was effectively driven from national power for roughly six decades. Southerners no longer claimed the presidency, wielded much power on the Supreme Court, or made their influence strongly felt in Congress But beginning in the 1930s, the South was able to flex more and more political muscle, and by the 1970s some began to think that American politics and political culture were becoming 'southernized'.u How did this happen and what difference did it make to the development of the South and the United States?

Under segregation most blacks in the U.S. still lived in the South and were employed as sharecroppers, laborers and domestic servants, but the system of segregation and discrimination was also found everywhere in other sections of the country. Certainly virtually nothing was done for civil rights during the…… [Read More]

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American History Final Exam Stages of the

Words: 4609 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90922817

American History Final Exam

Stages of the American Empire

Starting in the colonial period and continuing up through the Manifest Destiny phase of the American Empire in the 19th Century, the main goal of imperialism was to obtain land for white farmers and slaveholders. This type of expansionism existed long before modern capitalism or the urban, industrial economy, which did not require colonies and territory so much as markets, cheap labor and raw materials. It was also a highly racist type of policy that led to the destruction of Native Americans and the enslavement of blacks, as well as brutal counterinsurgency campaigns in overseas colonies like the Philippines and Haiti. Northeastern capitalists in the United States, dating back to the nascent period in the late-18th Century, were not particularly enthusiastic for this type of territorial expansion to the West or the growth of the agrarian sector of the economy. The…… [Read More]

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My Theological Apocalyptic Experience in Economics

Words: 1951 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16146598

Theology Economics

Apocalyptic/Theology Experience in Economics

One of the first principles of liberty is the ability of the people in a free society to have the ability to have their own enterprise. In many nations the way that the government, which is for the government and not the people, keeps the people from advancing is that they take away their speech, religion and ability to make their own money. Therefore, it is important that the United States and other Western democracies were founded on the precepts of monetary as well as personal liberty. But this is not a program that is specific to these types of democracies because the Catholic Church had long fought for the rights of the people prior to the founding of these national governments. This practice has carried forward to the twentieth and twenty-first centuries and it has greatly impacted the financial philosophy of both the…… [Read More]

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American Government Response Summarizing the Readings In

Words: 984 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 67502987

American Government Response

Summarizing the Readings:

In his article "Constitutional Democracy and Bureaucratic Power," Peter Woll discusses the administrative branch of the government and the various departments who are in control of the funds which keep federal and state governments working. The bureaucracy is a highly influential part of the government and has a degree of control over both the President and Congress with far fewer legal checks to their actions than either of these bodies has to deal with. It has proven difficult to find ways to limit the influence of the bureaucracy when the constitution does not clearly state an opinion on the matter; a serious problem since the constitution is the basis for all legislation in the country. And additional issue has been in trying to determine which branch should deal with administration. Alexander Hamilton believed this was the job of the president and the Executive branch…… [Read More]

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History of Central Banking in the United

Words: 1854 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93797581

History Of Central Banking in the United States of America

History of Central Banking

This paper discusses the history of central banking system in the United States of America. It analyses the establishment, operations and functions of the central banks that existed in the history of the United States of America. The closing of these historic central banks is also being discussed in the preceding paper. It also puts light on the main functions of the central banks.

History of Central Banking in the United States of America

A central bank can be defined as an authority that is responsible for formulating strategies that directly affect the supply of money and credit in a country. In specific terms a central bank uses its monetary policy tools, including open market operations, discount window lending and changes in reserve requirements, in order to adjust the rates of interest and the monetary base…… [Read More]

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American Revolution Was One of the Most

Words: 670 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 67679829

American Revolution was one of the most significant historical turning points in which thirteen colonies in the New World got together to battle the British Empire and form the United States of America.

The first battles were at Concord and Lexington during 1775, but there was no formal declaration of war until 1776.

The battle was not a short one, with fighting continuing through 1781 and Lord Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown, VA to General (and future President) George Washington.

In 1783 the Treaty of Paris was signed, and the war formally ended.

The Congress of the Confederation ratified the Treaty of Paris in January of 1784, which made everything official and ensured that the United States of America was born and was no longer under the control of the British Empire.

The Founders, who are often called the Founding Fathers, of the American Revolution were vital to the start of…… [Read More]

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Criminal Justice When the Constitution Replaced the

Words: 1907 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77748473

Criminal Justice

When the Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation in 1789, the United States of America formed a government that specifically divided its powers between three separate branches. This was done in order to make certain that no one branch of government could accumulate too much power. These three are called the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches of government, and the Constitution defines the powers each branch of government is allowed to exercise. While the Executive and Legislative branches of government deal with the running of the government, the Judicial branch is limited to dealing with legal matters. While it may seem that the Judicial branch is someone less important, it is the judiciary that decides whether the actions taken by the other two branches of government are legitimate.

Alexander Hamilton argued in the Federalist Papers that a separation of powers was necessary in order to prevent one particular…… [Read More]

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Territorial Expansion How Did the U S Acquire

Words: 1300 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2922526

Territorial Expansion

How did the U.S. acquire the territory in question?

On the auspicious date of April 30, 1803, the United States of America bought eight hundred and twenty eight thousand square miles worth of land from the French government of Napoleon Bonaparte. Thomas Jefferson, the President of America, wanted to secure this deal.

Wars were rampaging overseas in the continent of Europe and Napoleon had intentions to safeguard what he had acquired there. The area was a vast stretch of land extending from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. Spain had ceded Louisiana to France and this did not have positive implications for the young American government. The diplomatic world was discussing the accession as early as 1802. The clauses of the Treaty of San Ildefonso were not shared and this escalated concerns, primarily in the Jefferson regime. The United States of America depended on the port of…… [Read More]

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Federal Judicial Branch of Government

Words: 1627 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50933005

Justices can make public pronouncements on issues that are important to the federal judiciary - not specific cases that come before the court, but general political and social issues.

For example, the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, John Roberts, recently made a speech that warned about attacks against judicial independence. He was stating what the framers of the Constitution worried about hundreds of years ago when he said: "The long history of attack on judicial independence confirms that neither side in the political debate has a monopoly on the tactic" of challenging court philosophy and decision-making.

While he himself is conservative, and was chosen by President George W. Bush because he has a history of conservative decisions, Chief Justice Roberts noted that many of the recent attacks on the Supreme Court "...emanate from conservative quarters." He reminded those conservatives who wish to politicize the Court that President Ronald…… [Read More]



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