Adolescence Essays (Examples)

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Video Games & Violence in Children

Words: 5597 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3976305

" (Eagleheart, 2000) Eagleheart (2002) notes that violence does constitute a primary concern for children, particularly in schools. Rather than contributing video games as a cause of violence in children, she encourages educators and others to look deeper and consider that violene has goals; that the particular goal will depend on the individual.

At times, goals of violence may be evident, conscious choices from a child is playing now wants. Other times, goals may not be evident nor conscious. Possible examples of goal from violence, Eagleheart (2002) suggests, include but are not limited to:

child's need to try to secure power and control;

child's expression of painful emotions (anger, fear, despair) that he/she may be experiencing;

child's method of protecting him/her;

child reenacting and experience to try to obtain a different result;

child displaying behavior but he/she learned from others.

Trouble? America's youth, particularly boys, are in trouble. According to…… [Read More]

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Self-Disclosure Coming Out of One's

Words: 4081 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98901271

The EPA conducted a study on the effectiveness of the amnesty program after three years of implementation on May 17, 1999. It found that, during the study period, 455 entities had revealed violations of 1,850 facilities and that the rate of disclosure had also gone up. The EPA also noted that the amnesty policy was most beneficial in four major areas. These were overall benefit to human health and the environment, prompt disclosure and correction of violations, improvements in corporate compliance policies and programs, and increased awareness of new environmental issues. The EPA took special note of how the policy encouraged prompt disclosure and correction of violations. Those who disclosed said that the program encouraged them to prove their auditing and reporting procedures. Most of them reported improving corporate programs in the form of a broader scope of corporate compliance activities; greater diligence, thoroughness and frequency of auditing processes; and…… [Read More]

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Homelessness in the United States

Words: 10814 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62881185


How many people are homeless?

The number of homeless is difficult to ascertain because estimates vary depending on the methodology used. Numbers also vary substantially depending on whether a measurement is taken on a single night or is extrapolated to a given year.

One approximation of the annual number of homeless in America is from a study done by the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty, which estimates between 2.3 and 3.5 million people experience homelessness. According to a study released this month by the National Alliance to End Homelessness, an estimated 744,313 people experienced homelessness in one night in January 2005. Some 56% of them were living in shelters and transitional housing and, 44% were unsheltered.

Which states have the most homelessness people?

Alaska, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington State, and Washington, D.C. have the highest rates of homelessness, according to a study…… [Read More]

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Therapeutic Alliance Attachment Theory and

Words: 8108 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12411999

An important point emphasized by many theorists was that it was essential for the therapeutic alliance to be flexible in order to accommodate the patient or client's perceptions. Another cardinal aspect that was emphasizes by clinicians and theorists was that the therapeutic alliance had the ability to create and promote change in the client. In other words, the therapeutic alliance should be varied enough to deal with the various levels of functioning of the patient. At the same time, it should be flexible enough to accommodate the interventions of the therapist. (Gaston, 1990)

These theories were reinforced by further studies and statistical measurement. Researchers found that there was a significant statistical correlation between therapeutic alliance and positive outcomes in therapy. In this regard, a study by Horvath and Symonds, (1991) established that alliance accounted for almost fifty percent of the variance in the measurable outcome of therapy. In the words,…… [Read More]

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Computers and Society the Internet

Words: 2044 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33857678

In fact, Eijnden at al (2008) found that shy or socially anxious youth did not use instant messaging to foster friendships and instead used the Internet and their computers mainly for games and other non-social activities.

When used judiciously to promote healthy identity formation and development or to facilitate human communications, the Internet can be a boon for society. However, the Internet has quickly become an emblem of deep-rooted social problems related to the disintegration of traditional communities. Instead of serving as an ideal substitute for social isolation, the Internet has exacerbated alienation. Addiction to the Internet is flourishing among youth all around the world from Taiwan to the Netherlands. Anxiety, loneliness, and depression are unfortunate by-products of the new media.

Because the Internet has enabled remote call centers and telecommuting, the workplace has been remarkably transformed. It seems as if the Internet creates more opportunities for social integration such…… [Read More]

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Psychopathy a Concealed Personality Defect

Words: 1519 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 25529889

The psychopath must be made to realize that his behavior is useless and disadvantageous. And the therapist should find and use a vantage point to encourage socially acceptable behavior in the psychopath. Over and above, the therapist should invest enormous patience, time and money to the whole effort. Thorne believes it will require an investment of $15,000 every year for up to 10 years to obtain satisfactory result. However, no controlled research has been undertaken on this approach. The overall investment is too great for many to embark in (Cleckley). #


Cleckley, H. (1988). The mask of sanity. Georgia C.V. Mosby Company. Retrieved on April 22, 2009 from

Clercq, B. d. (2007). Childhood antecedents of personality disorder. Current Opinion in Psychiatry: Medscape. Retrieved on April 22, 2009 from

Rutter, M. (2005). What is the meaning and utility of the psychopathy concept. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology: Plenum…… [Read More]

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Social Networking Sites

Words: 2410 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 45992422

Twitter and MySpace. Social networking is one of the hottest trends online, with everyone from teens to baby boomers signing up for them with a passion. Millions of users log on every day to communicate, share information, video, and photos, and keep in touch, all with the click of a mouse. While there are amazing benefits to using these sites for business and pleasure, there are quite a few detriments, too.

A Short History of Social Networking

Social networking seems like a relatively new online phenomenon, but ever since the World Wide Web began, there have been areas where people could meet online, socialize, and share like interests. Geocities and Tripod are only two early examples. However, social networking really took off around the turn of the 21st century, and it has been going strong ever since. One of the first modern social networking sites was created by students from…… [Read More]

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Teen Aggression Is a Serious

Words: 1412 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 64568234

In addition, factors that cause stress such as divorce or death increase the likelihood that a teenager will have aggressive tendencies (Peterson and Sheldon 2006). Additionally maternal depression, substance abuse or maternal anxiety can all lead to aggressive behaviors in teenagers (Peterson and Sheldon 2006).

According to Peterson and Sheldon (2006) teenage aggression can also be linked to neuropsychiatric disorders. In fact the authors asserts that

"Persistent aggressive behavior is a common feature in many neuropsychiatric disorders and is the most common reason for referral to a child and adolescent mental health clinic [1]. Neurological features associated with aggression include low overall IQ and relative deficits in verbal learning, memory, and fluency [2]. Deficits in executive functioning and working memory are also common [3] and may be especially pronounced with co-occurring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)."

The aggressive behavior can involve lashing out at family members, friends or strangers. The…… [Read More]

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Physical Fitness Research Proposal for

Words: 3101 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 80594481

This difficulty is further intensified by the inherently complicated task of clearly explicating the purpose, process and findings which have produced the resolutions of a qualitative study. The personalized quality of this research mode places a considerable imperative in the hands of the research composer to create both the research framework and a sensible delivery of results. The undertaking of qualitative analysis often requires the researcher to adapt personal or institutional guidelines as the guarantor of validity, directed by an interest in scientific or social illumination. This means that it will be primarily up to the researcher to establish a context that can be logically communicated to others.

In spite of its inherent challenges, the qualitative approach is frequently favored as the only way to yield the outcomes which are related to its modes of data collection. To this extent, it is important to note that most essentially, "the two…… [Read More]

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Participant Observation The Beach for

Words: 1614 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53510495

Crowds of adolescents sped around refusing to yield to either cars or other bikers so they could stay together, united by the need to be 'with their friends' more than biking. The nature of what might be called 'social deviance' typical of adolescent behavior, however, was quite mild in what I saw, mainly manifesting itself in terms of attitude. The main transgressive actions were collectively disobeying traffic guidelines, putting themselves at risk more than drivers: deviancy is often "distinctly unheroic" in adolescents and is often more risky with negative consequences to the self (Hobbs 207).

The beach is far from a democratic place. Even a free beach manifests notable divisions of social class and age. Economics determined social associations on the beach even though the area contained a blend of many different social groups. The young people who stuck together seemed to come from the same social classes -- the…… [Read More]

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Theoretical Perspectives of Sigmund Freud

Words: 3109 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85590489

Super ego. In Freud's model, the final element of personality to develop is the superego. According to Cherry, "The superego is the aspect of personality that holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society -- our sense of right and wrong. The superego provides guidelines for making judgments" (2010, para. 3). Freud believed that the superego first starts to emerge during early childhood, typically at age 5 years or so (Cherry, 2010). The super ego is comprised of two parts as follows:

1. The ego ideal includes the rules and standards for good behaviors. These behaviors include those which are approved of by parental and other authority figures. Obeying these rules leads to feelings of pride, value and accomplishment.

2. The conscience includes information about things that are viewed as bad by parents and society. These behaviors are often forbidden and…… [Read More]

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Popular Culture Affects Children Today

Words: 2178 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 76613011

In fact, it is interesting to note that violent television and video games become more likely to lead to aggression in children as they get older (Krcmar, 1998, p. 251). Factors that cause this include the fact that from new-born to the age of eight, children pay an increasing amount of visual attention to television. This increase levels off at the age of eight. Moreover, as they get older, children appear to grow increasingly likely to identify with television characters. This may be because they become more cognitively sophisticated, and thus can better understand what they are watching. Krcmar (1998, p. 251) notes that these changes may partly explain the fact that as children grow older, the likelihood that viewing violent television will result in increased aggressive behaviours becomes higher. They also become increasingly desensitized to media violence as they age. There seems to be little doubt that exposure to…… [Read More]

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Anorexia Nervosa An Is Blamed

Words: 1491 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 1664269

In addition, nutritional therapy is often necessary to balance body and brain chemistry before improvement can take place (Lock & Fitzpatrick, 2009).


Since an can be so difficult to treat after onset, some researchers are focused on possible measures to prevent the development of eating disorders in the first place, and some of their findings are highly promising (Novotney, 2009). For example, a 2008 study of nearly 500 adolescent girls with poor body image found a 60% reduction in the development of eating disorder symptomology among those who participated in intervention activities (Novotney, 2009). Preventive interventions were based on the theory of cognitive dissonance and required young women to express criticisms of society's ultra-thin female ideal through various individual and group exercises (Novotney, 2009). This suggests that at the middle school and high school levels, parents, teachers, and counselors may be able to counteract some harmful media messages about…… [Read More]

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Juveniles in Adult Incarceration Facilities

Words: 1568 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95514071

In addition, the threat of being placed in an adult facility not only doesn't lower crime rates among juveniles, but increases their chances of recidivism and violent behavior (Elikann, 1999). As one critic of the current laws stated: "This country's laws recognize that juveniles are too young to drink alcohol, vote, engage in legal contracts and enter into marriage, all because they are still developing mentally and emotionally" (Bilchik, 2003). Yet today, approximately 200,000 young offenders are funneled directly into the adult court system, "the majority for property crimes and drug-related offenses" (Bilchik, 2003). Sadly, while there are situations in which even an adolescent is a "lost cause" and must be kept locked away, the great majority of cases in which juveniles are tried as adults are unnecessary and unwise (Elikann, 1999). Granted, the juvenile justice system is overloaded and needs to change, but channeling children into the adult system…… [Read More]

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Utero Development on the Health

Words: 1915 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10393552

The program includes five components namely 'Family Support', 'Maternal Interview', 'Records review', 'case review' and 'Community action'. (FIMR, 2010)

The FIMR Process

FIMR Informed of Fetal/Infant Death

Family Support

Data Collection/Record Review

Maternal Interview

Records Review

Case Review

Community Action

Improved Maternal & Infant Health



Fetal origins of health and disease has developed into a new medical frontier for researchers. The growing body of research evidence has affirmed positive associations between the gestational environment and the development of various physical and mental disorders in the infant, adolescent and the adult population. The new knowledge that even gestational diet composition has the ability to alter the human epigenome resulting in the expression of undesirable genes and the onset of obesity, diabetes, cancer and other chronic health conditions, is convincing scientific evidence for pregnant women to be careful and cautious in their diet choices. Results from the studies on maternal…… [Read More]

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Leadership Essay Free Example

Words: 4225 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Paper #: Array

This essaydescribes the meaning of leadership and defines the characteristics and qualities of effective leaders. It discusses the manner in which leadership skills can be developed and assesses the importance of leadership in organizations seeking to achieve specific aims. Leadership styles, such as servant leadership and transformational leadership, are analyzed and qualities such as boldness, good judgment and emotional intelligence are examined to show how they support effective leadership. The paper concludes with a discussion of what leadership means to different people and how leadership styles can reflect an individuals own subjective take on leadership and how it should be demonstrated.


What is leadership?

How can leadership qualities be promoted?

How does a bad leadership experience impact a workplace culture?

Real-life leaders in the 20th century
Influential Leaders in Modern Times

Servant Leadership and Youth Programs

The Qualities That Define a Good Leader
I. Introduction

II.…… [Read More]

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Psychology and Offender Rehab

Words: 2710 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 77000192

Originality, Applicability, and Relevance; Interdisciplinarity; Literature Review;)

It is the typically the norm for many offender programs follow the long-standing conventions that have been developed in the last few generations. However, the traditional route does not seem to consider fully the psychosocial factors that influence individual engagement in intervention settings. While factors related to offending behavior are known throughout the research community, their influence on what causes the behavior or motivational engagement still remains unclear. Brooks & Khan (2015) provided an effort to pursue these gaps in knowledge by creating a study that attempted to examine the precursors to behavior and engagement by interviewing and monitoring 109 juvenile offenders. The sample existed within a non-custodial community intervention and the researchers explored the antisocial behavior, influence of aggression, and disruptive and problematic behavior during school hours. They also monitored and explored self-esteem and parental bonding as possible moderators and reported on…… [Read More]

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Teen Pregnancy in the Context of Substance Abuse and Delinquency

Words: 1008 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64903732

Teen Pregnancy Prevention Interactive Systems Framework Technical Assistance Science-Based Approaches Getting to Outcomes Implementation

Duffy, J. L., Severson Prince, M., Johnson, E. E., Alton, F. L., Flynn, S., Mattison Faye, A., Edwards Padgett, P., Rollison, C., Becker, D., & Hinzey, A. L. 2012. Enhancing Teen Pregnancy Prevention in Local Communities: Capacity Building Using the Interactive Systems Framework. Am J Community Psychol. 50:370-385 DOI 10.1007/s10464-012-9531-9

"the Interactive Systems Framework (ISF) suggests that adopting innovations like GTO requires a significant amount of capacity building through training and technical assistance." (2012: 370)

"Chinman et al. (2008) examined the effects of training and TA provided to staff of two substance abuse coalitions to support their use of the Getting To Outcomes (GTO) process for planning, implementing and evaluating their prevention programs."

Variable 1: type of organization -- school or community.

- Variable 2: age of organization -- organizations ranged from around two years old…… [Read More]

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Managing Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

Words: 1953 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 17293538

Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder abbreviated as DMDD is a condition featuring chronic and severe irritability. This has been added to the fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders catering to adolescent and childhood disorders. DMDD is explained through severe temper tantrums that are disproportionate to existing situations with inconsistencies with developmental level. This occurs severally each week. The mood between various outbursts becomes persistently irritable or angry while symptoms should be presented for between 12 and 17 months in the various contexts. DMDD is not diagnosed in children less than six years of age. However, it is observed from 10 years and above. The inclusion also allows DSM-5 to develop controversial convert to the existing disorder. Indeed, the DMDD support is based on research that focuses on extreme mood dysregulation (SMD). This condition is characterized by severe and chronic irritability together with hyperarousal symptoms. They share symptoms…… [Read More]

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Drug Therapy

Words: 517 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8360663

Drug Therapy

Advanced pharmacology

Drug therapy: Individualized drug therapies

Patient responses to drug therapy can vary widely between individuals. For example, not all patients find their pain alleviated by the same doses of analgesics; some patients can become suicidal when taking antidepressants rather than find their symptoms eased. It is because of the varied response of individuals, based upon their physical chemistry (as well as their social and psychological needs) that individualized drug therapy is necessary. The social and psychological component, it should be noted, must not be minimized. Some diabetic patients find it very difficult to regulate their blood sugar with a highly complex insulin regime and any modifications which can be made might be extremely helpful in terms of ensuring glucose stability and compliance with treatment.

Another component of different drug response mechanisms is that of allergies. Allergies to penicillin, sulfate drugs, eggs, and other substances are amongst…… [Read More]

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Career Counseling Workshops for Hispanic High School Students

Words: 1916 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48992267

Career Counseling Workshop for a Hispanic Population

PowerPoint Introduction

Two-Day Career Counseling Workshop for All School District Hispanic Students!


Aaronson Auditorium, 9:00 A.M. -- 3:00 P.M., January 5 and 6, 2015


Bottled water, soft drinks and doughnuts will be available

Workshop Goals

Identify and assess your skills, interests, and abilities

Identify potential career opportunities

Establish career and education goals

Workshop Agenda

Monday, January 5, 2015


Welcome and orientation by Mr. Jackson, vice principal

Overview and importance of career counseling and its goals by Ms. Leslie,

career counselor

30 a.m.


11:30 a.m.

Self-assessment: Using the Briggs-Meyer self-assessment and developing an inventory of interests, values and skills, part one, by Mrs. West, career counselor

11:30 -- 12:30 P.M.

Lunch -- school cafeteria

12:30 -- 1:30 P.M.

Self-assessment: Developing an inventory of interests, values and skills, part two, by Mrs. West, career counselor

1:30 -- 2:15 P.M.

Career exploration:…… [Read More]

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Mental Disorder and Suicide

Words: 2909 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 85196364

Mental Disorder

Suicide- Mental Disorder

Beginning with a historical analysis of suicide, the psychopathology of suicide is analyzed. Empirical findings are also presented to address probable causes of suicide. This paper addresses the psychopathology of suicide starting with its historical backdrop. It additionally contemplates the probable reasons leading to this pathology founded on latest empirical results. Control of suicidal behaviors and ideation are addressed, along with prevention and treatment strategies. Finally, the religious and cultural purviews with respect to suicide are considered based upon current research in the field.

Globally, suicide is one of the major causes of death. As many as 36,000 commit suicide in the United States annually and estimates suggest that 1 million individuals commit suicide in the rest of the world. While the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) does not classify suicide as a mental disorder (DSM-IV-TR), practitioners recognize the correlation between psychological…… [Read More]

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Leadership Training and Its Relationship to Communication

Words: 3299 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Only the Literature Review chapter Paper #: 887032

Leadership Training and Its Relationship to Communication Skills, Self-Esteem, and Problem Solving Skills among Youth

Transformational leadership remains a critical phenomenon as described through behavioral components such as inspirational motivation, idealized influence, individualized consideration, and intellectual stimulation. Idealized influence is the first element and is reflected based on the conceptualization by transformational leaders who behave in a manner that allows them appear as role models among their followers. Such individuals are respected, trusted, and admired (Olive, Gottfried, Guerin, Gottfried & Reichard, 2011). Followers relate with the leaders with the aim of emulating them.

Children's attachment style is normally attributed to parental factors or parenting style. Attachment styles are well formed at early ages even though they are predictive of outcomes for future leadership. Early life shows that bonds developed by infants with caregivers vary between from an insecure to secure attachment styles. The relationship identifies diverse infant attachment styles which…… [Read More]

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Comprehensive Reading in Middle Classes

Words: 3433 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20112352

Reading Comprehension in the Middle Grades

Reading comprehension refers to a complex, active process that incorporates reader-related (linguistic awareness), activity-related (studying for the purpose of keeping information in mind for retrieval in future) and text-related (high-level vocabulary) variables, all of which are correlated in a broader socio-cultural context. However, studies on development of reading comprehension have, thus far, been typified by focus on student traits and/or specified instructional systems (Carnegie Council on Advancing Adolescent Literacy [CCAAL], 2010). This comprehensive literature base clearly demonstrates that oral language proficiency (such as vocabulary, print-independent aspects, and listening comprehension) and decoding abilities (print- dependent aspects) are significantly linked with reading comprehension. This link is proven through strong theoretical as well as practical evidence (Ouellette & Beers, 2010). Furthermore, although decoding abilities continue to account for unique reading comprehension variations, even in cases of adults, oral language proficiencies assume a more predictive role as children…… [Read More]

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Pediatric Dentistry Epidemiology

Words: 8652 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 2113864

Cross-Sectional Study: To Assess the Prevalence of Dental Diseases and Treatment Needs of Pediatric Patients Attending Dental Clinics at Ajman University

The WHO Global Oral Health Program emphasizes that although countries have made substantial progress in their effort to improve community health in general, there is still a lot to be done in relation to oral health - particularly among minority and economically-disadvantaged groups1. Oral diseases such as orodental trauma, oropharyngeal cancers, oral lesions, tooth loss, periodontal disease, and dental caries continue to be a thorn in the flesh for governments in the world over even though reports have shown declines in their prevalence and severity. Despite their endemic nature, these diseases impact negatively on the health of the general population and put a strain on the global economy1. Having damaged, discolored or missing teeth affects patients' well-being and daily lives, just as the time taken to tend to the…… [Read More]

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Loss and Grief the Loss

Words: 3131 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 67987332

Art therapy is particularly useful with younger children. With children under the age of eight it can be difficult for them to grasp the concept of death, it can be equally as difficult for them to express the things they are feeling about the loss of a loved one (Shaw, 2000). Through the medium of drawing or painting a counselor may gain a better understanding of their patient's subjective experience of the loss as well as any unresolved emotions or unanswered questions remaining after the fact. Art therapy is also an effective means of determining the relative normality of a child's cognitive function following a traumatic event (Shaw, 2000).

Older children respond more effectively to client centered interviews (Shaw, 2000). A client centered interview is a psychoanalytic approach which encourages the patient to talk extensively guided minimally by questions or suggestions from the therapist. This approach might allow through the…… [Read More]

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Drugs Explored in Music

Words: 1892 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 29720651

social problem of using and selling drugs is portrayed in music. I'm interested in studying this because music has at once been accused of glorifying drug culture and also as being one of the few means of allowing users to vent on the realities of drug culture. Clearly, the relationship between drugs and music is a complex one. This paper will seek to shed light on the motivations for artists to incorporate drug culture in their songs and what they presumably gain from it, and what society presumably gains from it as well.

The first song that this paper will examine when it comes to the treatment of drugs as subject matter for songs is in the work of 2 Pac in his famous song, "Changes." This song is so remarkable in that it addresses a tremendous amount of social injustice in that is still alive and well in the…… [Read More]

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Teen Suicide Suicidal Behaviors Among Teenagers Remain

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42364161

Teen Suicide

Suicidal behaviors among teenagers remain a national menace. It has been found from large scale national survey data that about 20.5% teens harbored suicide thoughts within 12 months while about 7.7% attempted suicide at least once within this period (Centers for Disease Control, 1998a), suggesting that a large number of youths stand the risks of being prone to suicide. This is most applicable for young boys. A good example is the 1995 data which showed that the number of boys that committed suicide whose ages fell between 15 and 19 were about five times more the number of girls who committed suicide (Kramer Gould, 2001)

Researches carried out on American high school students showed that the total number of teens having suicide thoughts and considering suicide as a solution to their depressions reduced significantly between 1991 and 1997, but a notable increase was recorded on students who attempted…… [Read More]

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Relationship Between Brand Equity and Customer Purchasing Behavior

Words: 11492 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4783955

Brand Equity and Customer Purchasing Behavior

Taking into account the numerous modifications witnessed in the marketing milieu- viz. The accessibility to plethora of knowledge through various electronic devices, the emergence of modern methods of buying, the ability of the companies to use technology to target consumer more specifically, getting a feel of customer tendencies is still more difficult. Purchasing activities is the sequence of choice and actions of individuals occupied in procuring and consuming the same. An enterprise must evaluate its purchasing activities. Purchaser's responses to the marketing technique of the enterprise put an enormous influence on the achievement of the enterprise. The marketing perception highlights that an enterprise must build up a unique blend of marketing initiatives that makes the customers happy, and hence the urgency to evaluate the substance, the place, the time and the purchasing pattern of consumers and by way of addressing this, marketing personnel can…… [Read More]

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Sex Therapy

Words: 3678 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20631504

Sex Therapy

The efforts in the form of behavior modification with a view to solve the problems in sexual interactions are known as sex therapy. Sex problems most common in the present environment affect the couples in their sex lives and adversely reflected in their sexual behavior. Sexual behavior is any activity inducing the sexual arousal in solitary or between two persons or in a group. The human sexual behavior is influenced by the inherited sexual response patterns as a means of ensuring reproduction and by the societal restraint and influences exerted on the individual in expression of sexuality. (Clellan; Frank, 1951)

It is realized that social taboos, culture and immaturity of social sciences have brought considerable impediment in research in the field of human sexual behavior and until recently the scientific knowledge base was restricted only to a few of the individual case histories studied by European writers such…… [Read More]

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Dealt With the Issue of Youth Gangs

Words: 5677 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77569923

dealt with the issue of youth gangs and their prevalence in USA. Sociologists have been analyzing youth gangs in urban backgrounds for around 70 years. It has been debated that youth gangs were created in accordance with social events, and that gang members were of loose morals or inadequately socialized entities who tied up together to do delinquent activities in groups rather than as separate entities. This paper shall deal with the major components of youth gangs in the country and shall also emphasize on the policy implications to deal with the youth gangs.

Most of the primitive sociologists and enrollers of the media depicted gangs as tangential groups, wherein their actions were taken into accordance as infringement of the folkways, more than obvious infringements of existential laws. Nowadays the word 'gang' portrays impression of law assailing groups more than the old boys which existed around corners. Recurrently the word…… [Read More]

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Psychiatric Disorder of Childhood Depression The Information

Words: 1390 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22681223

psychiatric disorder of childhood depression. The information will discuss how the disorder is diagnosed, the prevalence rates, theories concerning the etiology of depression and various treatments that are available for childhood depression.

While many people may overlook this serious mental condition that occurs within some children, others are facing the reality of the disorder on a daily basis. More information is becoming readily available that offers research about depression in children and is very helpful to those seeking prognosis and treatment of their loved ones. Many times, depression in children and adolescents is overlooked or misdiagnosed. This paper will discuss symptoms and treatment of depression in children.


Depression is a mental problem that affects people of all ages, race, and economic levels. The diagnosis is becoming more acceptable and is commonly treated with antidepressant drug therapy. The patient is not only affected by treatment, but the drug and insurance…… [Read More]

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Anorexia Criteria for Diagnosis Physical and Mental

Words: 2171 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51178246


Criteria for Diagnosis

Physical and Mental Signs and Repercussions

Different Treatments of Anorexia

Personal Reflection

Anorexia Nervosa, a type of eating disorder, continues to plague some of the world's population, particularly white adolescent females obsessed with looking thinner. This paper endeavors to explore what exactly anorexia is, in relation to the category of 'eating disorder' as well as other eating disorders such as bulimia. The criteria for diagnosis will be identified as well as the population in our society most susceptible to falling victim to this mental illness. Physical and mental signs and repercussions will also be highlighted along with 3 case studies advocating different treatments to combat this sickness. Traditional treatment normally consists of hospitalization, followed by psychotherapy. However, family or support therapy is gradually gaining credibility and popularity over traditional treatment routes.


Despite the fact that there is greater understanding amongst the medical profession and general…… [Read More]

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Personal Model of Human Development

Words: 3809 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 64682172

Human Development

In order for me to provide my own personal view on human development and aging over the life span, I have provided a review of several key research theories pertaining to human development. My own personal model of human development is a hybrid of other prominent sociological theorists. Because it is important to consider the theoretical underpinnings of human development, I will incorporate a review of the scholarly research pertaining to theories of life stage development and psycho-social development theories, then, I will include my own perspective pertaining to each theory.

Sigelman and Rider (2006, pg. 2) define development as the entire set of "systematic changes and continuities" that occur in the individual from birth to death. These systematic changes and continuities occur in three broad domains: physical development, cognitive development and psychosocial development (Sigelman and Rider, 2006). Physical development, of course, include normative physical attributes during the…… [Read More]

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Family Therapy and Anorexia Nervosa

Words: 2683 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 74463141

Family Therapy and Anorexia Nervosa

Family Therapy & Anorexia Nervosa

This paper is a literature review and discussion of how family therapy approaches anorexia nervosa. The premise for most of the research conducted using family based therapy is a theory by Salvador Minuchin and Mara Selvini from the 1970s that states in order for a sufferer of anorexia nervosa to recover the "family's structure or style of management [of problems] needs to be corrected." (Lock, & Grange, 2001) A compilation of peer reviewed journal studies as well as other reviews of anorexia nervosa family therapy treatment will be used to illustrate the effectiveness of family therapy for persons under the age of 19 suffering from anorexia nervosa. The literature will also show that more experimental studies are needed in this area of eating disorders, due to the lack of substantial research for eating disorders and their treatment methods. However, since…… [Read More]

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Training and Development

Words: 1469 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21673545

Training and Development

"Training is an intensive process whereby an employee's job behavior is modified.

Training prepares and enables a person to perform job tasks at a greater level of efficiency"

(Hertig, as cited in Colling & York, 2009, p. 233).

Training Method Options

If Equipped for Life does not successfully train its staff and volunteers to more effectively confront current challenges Staff and volunteers regularly experience regarding maintaining order at the group's weekly dinner and socially-oriented meetings -- the organization's programs could ultimately "fail." At times, according to Shek and Wai (2008) in their study, "Training workers implementing adolescent prevention and positive youth development programs: What have we learned from the literature?" when an adolescent program reflects negative results rather than preventive effects, the organization's program could be attacked. Rather than the program or its curriculum constituting the problem, however, the organization's lack of implementing training for Staff and…… [Read More]

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Children and Youth Services

Words: 1523 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: 'Literature Review' chapter Paper #: 46502813

youth transition out of foster care as they "age-out" of the system. This can prove to be a very challenging and difficult phase for young people as they are expected to take on adult responsibilities and make their own way in the world. Whether youth successfully transition from foster care to independent living is multifaceted, and requires detailed investigation in order to illuminate how the foster care system can facilitate change throughout the "aging-out" process.

Keller et al. (2007) utilized person-oriented research methods in order to investigate how well adolescents transition from life as part of the child welfare system to independent living as adults. This research method was chosen for the study in order to appropriate capture and understand the various and diverse ways these youth may be prepared for the transition among a sample that is large and representative of the population of youth aging-out from foster care.…… [Read More]

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Celebrity Endorsement Strategy An Investigation Using Nike's

Words: 6741 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97516602

Celebrity Endorsement Strategy: An Investigation

Using Nike's relationship with Federer as an example, the paper analyzes the use of celebrity endorsement strategy of the brands beginning from choosing the right celebrity figures until the final results of the strategy. Many industries promote their products by hiring the services of influential celebrities who advertise the products in question. The celebrity has to have various characteristics in order to be seriously considered as endorser. The company also has to take various steps to protect itself. The whole process of considering, finding, and finally hiring a celebrity is one that is done incrementally and thoughtfully with the whole, actually, occurring in four stages. Celebrity and brand are closely intertwined. Just as celebrity may profit the brand, the brand also effects the reputation of the celebrity. The company-endorser relationship, in other words, can provide potential benefits to both with both brand and endorser receiving…… [Read More]

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Eating Disorder and Gender

Words: 5075 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 8532186

Eating Disorders and Gender

There are medical conditions which more commonly occur in one gender over another. These conditions can be either mental or physical. Very often, they are both mental and physical conditions. Certain medical situations are extremely severe and can potentially result in serious harm to the body or perhaps even death. There are certain conditions which being with a mental impression, a false belief that has been ingrained within the mind which then manifests itself in the body of the individual. One of the most common and most disturbing types of condition is known as an eating disorder. By this term, it is meant that the patient suffers a mental conditioning which makes them either unwilling or unable to eat in a healthy manner resulting in either over or under eating and malnutrition. Eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia are the result of psychological issues on…… [Read More]

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Eudora Welty -- a Memory There Are

Words: 775 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3101926

Eudora Welty -- a Memory

There are several relevant themes in this short story. One powerful theme used by Welty in A Memory is very clear from the beginning: a vivid memory is not a list of scenes from the past, but instead memory can become a living, forceful part of the here and now. Her truthful recollections seem as alive as though she could actually be catapulted back to that beach scene. The recounting of the memories captures perfectly her youthful biases and naivete -- and brings out a sense of honesty that is perhaps not possible during adolescence. Another theme is that life is lived in stages and as a young person in possession of a lively imagination, every moment in a person's experience has a heightened significance well beyond its actual impact and reality. She offers those heightened moments in a waterfall of youthful recollections and symbolism…… [Read More]



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