Children and Adolescence Can Often Become Plagued Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

Children and adolescence can often become plagued with a myriad of health problems. Some revolve around psychosocial issues. ADHD is such a disorder that affects as many as 1 in 20 children or adolescence in the United States with a growing prevalence worldwide. Although this disorder can cause problems for the child or adolescent experiencing symptoms, it can be successfully managed. Treatment protocols involve proper assessment of symptoms and diagnosis, a treatment plan, and effective follow up care. With this kind of approach, children and adolescence who may suffer from ADHD can learn to deal with this disorder.

ADHD is a psychosocial issue present in children and adolescence. Although it is not heavily prevalent, quite a number of children and adolescence have this condition and display its core symptoms. ADHD is characterized by the following main symptoms: hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. There are also three subtypes of ADHD. These are predominantly hyperactive/impulsive type, predominantly inattentive type, and the combined type which shows symptoms of the first two types.

In order to properly diagnose someone with ADHD, it is important to examine the onset of the disorder. Onset generally happens before the age of seven in most kids. Since symptoms aren't always easily identified, especially when diagnosing older children, it is important to review patient history. One thing to note is the duration of the behavioral symptoms associated with ADHD. The behavioral symptoms can lost for at least six months. Behavioral symptoms are also displayed in more than one setting, whether it be home, school, play, etc.

Assessing the degree of impairment can be helpful in better understanding the disorder. Recent studies suggest ADHD may be caused by external factors such as environment or preterm behavior of mother like smoking. It can also be caused by genetics (McGuinness, 2008, p. 23). These considerations when performing assessment can help better form a better understanding of ADHD from epidemiological standpoint such as patterns of diagnosis and so forth.

Since Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a comparatively common disorder of childhood onset and is of substantial public health worry, development of an age-appropriate protocol which includes diagnosis, management, and follow-up care can help those afflicted by the disorder. Over the previous twenty years, "there have been 19 community-based studies offering estimates of prevalence ranging from 2% to 17%. The dramatic differences in these estimates are due to the choice of informant, methods of sampling and data collection, and the diagnostic definition" (Scahill & Schwab-Stone, 2000, p. 541). The studies and recent research examines the occurrence of ADHD in children and adolescents. One of the key aspects of proper diagnosis is knowing the real numbers of actual ADHD cases as some supposedly diagnoses cases of ADHD can be a mixture of other disorders like anxiety…

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References

Dunne, J.E., Ayres, W., Arnold, V., Benson, R.S., Bernet, W., Bukstein, O., Sloan, L.E. (2007). Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(7), 894-920. Retrieved from http://www.aacap.org/App_Themes/AACAP/docs/practice_parameters/jaacap_adhd_2007.pdf

McGuinness, T.M. (2008). Helping Parents Decide on ADHD Treatment for Their Children. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 46(8), 23. Doi: 10.3928/02793695-20080801-08

Scahill, L., & Schwab-Stone, M. (2000). Epidemiology of ADHD in school-age children. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 9(3), 541. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2000-00431-006

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